The Union List or List-I is a list of 100 items (the last item is numbered 97) given in Seventh Schedule in the Constitution of India on which Parliament has exclusive power to legislate. Reserve Bank of India comes under the Union list.
Q2. _________ can give the Union parliament power to make laws on matters included in the State list.
__________संसद को राज्य सूची के विषयों पर कानून बनाने का अधिकार दे सकती है?
[a]Ministry of Defence/रक्षा मंत्रालय
(b)Prime Minister’s Office/प्रधानमंत्री कार्यालय
(c)Securities and Exchange Board of India/भारतीय प्रतिभूति और विनयम बोर्ड
The Parliament can make laws on the subjects mentioned in the State List in the following circumstances:
When a resolution is passed by the Rajya Sabha by two-thirds majority making it lawful for the Parliament to legislate on a subject mentioned in the State List in national interest (Art.249).
When a proclamation of emergency is in operation, the Parliament has the power to make laws for the whole or any part of India on any of the matters stated in the State List (Art.250).
When two or more States give their consent and pass resolutions for the same in their respective Legislatures to enable the Parliament to make a law on any matter listed in the State List (Art.252). Any such law will be applicable to only those States which have passed such resolution, not to all states.
The Parliament has the power to make laws for the whole or any part of India for implementing any treaty, agreement or convention with any other country or any decision made at any international conference etc. (Art.253)
Q3.”Bankruptcy and insolvency” is listed in the __________ list given in the Seventh Schedule in the Constitution of India.
“दिवालियापन और दिवाला” भारत के संविधान की सातवीं अनुसूची में दी गयी _______सूची में सूचीबद्ध है |
The Presidency Towns Insolvency Act of 1909 covering Kolkata, Chennai and Mumbai and the Provincial Insolvency Act, 1920 for the rest of India, were enacted to regulate the insolvency law. The Acts applied to individuals and partnerships but it exempted corporations from its ambit. After the independence, bankruptcy and insolvency were specified in Entry 9 of the Concurrent List of the Seventh Schedule, under Article 246 of the Constitution.
Q4. A writ of _________ means that the court orders that the arrested person should be presented before it.
________ के द्वारा न्यायालय किसी गिरफ्तार व्यक्ति को न्यायालय के सामने प्रस्तुत करने का आदेश देता है |
Habeas corpus is a recourse in law through which a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment to a court and request that the court order the custodian of the person, usually a prison official, to bring the prisoner to court, to determine if the detention is lawful. It is a writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person’s release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention.
Q5. Who appoints Governor of a state in India?
भारत में राज्य के राज्यपाल की नियुक्ति कौन करता है?
[a]Prime Minister of India/भारत के प्रधानमंत्री
(b)Council of Minister/मंत्रि परिषद्
(c)Judge of Supreme Court/सर्वोच्च्य न्यायालय के न्यायाधीश
Article 155 says that “The Governor of a State shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal”. Article 156 provides that “The Governor shall hold office during the pleasure of the President”. The term of the Governor is prescribed as five years.
Q6. What is the literal meaning of ‘Certiorari’?
‘उत्प्रेषणादेश या उत्प्रेषण’ से क्या अभिप्राय है?
(b)To have the body of/बंदी को सशरीर प्रस्तुत करना
(c)To forbid/क्षमा करना
(d)To be certified (or) to be informed/प्रमाणित करना या जानकारी देना
Certiorari is a writ seeking judicial review. A certiorari is issued by a superior court, directing an inferior court, tribunal, or other public authority to send the record of a proceeding for review.
Q7. Who among the following is not a member of any of the two houses of our country?
निम्नलिखित में से कौन हमारे देश के दोनों में स से किसी भी सदन का सदस्य नहीं होता है?
As per the articles 352, 356 and 360 in the Constitution of India, President of India have been given extraordinary power to declare an emergency to meet any threat to the country. Those powers to President of India in Constitution are called emergency provisions.
Q9. Fundamental duties are mentioned in which of the following part of Indian Constitution?
भारतीय संविधान के किस निम्नलिखित भाग में मौलिक कर्तव्यों का उल्लेखन हैं?
The Fundamental Duties are defined as the moral obligations of all citizens to help promote a spirit of patriotism and to uphold the unity of India. These duties, set out in Part IV–A of the Constitution, concern individuals and the nation. Like the Directive Principles, they are not enforceable by the law.
Q10. What is the minimum age for becoming a Governor of state in India?
भारत में राज्य का राज्यपाल बनने के लिए न्यूनतम आयु कितनी है?