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Environment conventions – conferences and summits

Environment conventions – conferences and summits

Environment conventions – conferences and summits


Today,we are going to learn about all the conventions, protocols, summits and conferences related to environment because this topic is very important from exam point of view. You often come across these conventions and summits at segregated places. Thus you often get confused with these conventions and summits.So, in this article i have tried to bring all the conventions at one place in order to make the learning easy. This will avoid any kind of confusion. Also, this topic is very important from the exam point of view. I would say this is one of the favourite topics of examiners.

So, let us see all these conventions and summits to boost our preparation of SSC CGL Tier1.




1.Ramsar Convention (Ramsar is a city in Iran)

For conservation and wise use of wetlands of international importance.

Montreax record is also made under this.

1971(came into force in 1975)

2.World Heritage Convention

Defines the kind of natural and cultural sites which can be considered as World Heritage site under UNESCO 1972

3.Stockholm Convention (United Nations Conference on Human Environment)

It focuses on human interaction with environment.

Under this 26 principles related to environment and development have been proclaimed.


4.CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna)

Prevention of international commercial trade of endangered species. 1973

5. Bonn Convention (Convention on Migratory species)

Conservation of terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species. 1979(came into force in 1983)

6. World Conservation Strategy

Conservation of wildlife and stopping illegal trade of wildlife 1980

7. Nairobi Declaration (10 years of Stockholm Conference)

Creation of special Commssion to frame long term environment strategies for achieving sustainable development upto the year 2000. 1982

8. Vienna Convention

Ozone layer protection 1985

9. Montreal Protocol

Reduction in consumption and production of a range of ozone depletiong substances. 1987(came into force in 1989)


10. World Commission on environment and Development

Brudtland report titled “Our Common Future” was presented which for the first time officially defined the theme of Sustainable Development. 1987

11. Basel Convention

Reduce transboundary movement of hazardous waste. 1992

12. Earth Summit

Rio declaration– a statement to guide nations conduct on environment protection and development

Agenda 21- comprehensive action plan for future in relation to environment and development in 21st century.


13. Kyoto Protocol

Commitment to reduce the emission of green house gases. 1997(came into force in 2005)

14. Rotterdam Convention

It is a multilateral treat to promote shared responsibilities in relation to importation of hazardous chemicals and pesticides. 1998(effective from 2004)

15.Categan Protocol on biosafety

Protocol to ensure safe handling and transport of living modified organisms. 2000(effective from 2003)

16. Stockholm Convention on POPs,2004

It aims to eliminate or restrict the production and use of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). 2001(effective from 2004)

17. Johannesberg Declaration (world Summit on Development)

Also known as Rio+10 as it reviewed progress in the implementation of Agenda 21 since its adoption in 1992. 2002

18. Nagoya Protocol

It aims at sharing the benefits arising out from the utilization of genetic resources in a fair and equitable way. 2014

19. Paris  Agreement

It deals with the mitigation of green house gases and emphasises the principle of “Common but differentiated Responsibilty” 2015

So friends, this is how you should prepare this topic. I have tried to bring all the important information under this one article. Also, from SSC CGL point of view this is more than enough, as questions asked are very very factual. You don’t need to dig deep into the topic. Only a cursive reading 4-5 times will suffice. All you need to know is which convention is about what and your job is done.

In the end, i would like to discuss some previous year qyestions. This will make you familiar with the type of questions asked in the exam.

Previous year Questions

Question 1. What is Kyoto Protocol? It is an agreement among countries to

  1. take steps for reducing acid rain.
  2. take steps for planting trees to control pollution.
  3. start using nuclear energy.
  4. take steps for reducing global warming. 

Question 2. Basel Convention is related to

  1. Reforms in banking sector
  2. To prevent trans-boundary movement of hazardous waste.
  3. Covention on Sustainable Development.
  4. none of these

At last, I would say just learn the information provided in this article and you will never attempt any question asked from this topic wrong. So, all the very best. Prepare hard. GS is now very important and you can’t afford to ignore this section.

Thank you.


To know Important Facts about Human Body  CLICK HERE

To get all benefits students should join Pinnacle SSC CGL Online Coaching Course 2018 and 2019 or SSC CGL Hard Drive Course.

All The best !!

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