Essay-Water pollution SSC CGL Tier 3 I SSC CHSL Tier 2
“Thousands have lived without love, but not one without water.” – W. H. Auden.
Although about 71% of the earth’s surface is covered with water, only 2.5% of total water is freshwater. And to further add to the woes, only a mere 0.014% of all water on earth is fresh and accessible. The importance of water for our survival is known to everyone, yet we have been ignorant of its pollution.
Water pollution is the pollution of bodies of water, such as lakes, rivers, seas, the oceans, as well as groundwater. It occurs when pollutants reach these bodies of water, without treatment. Waste from homes, factories, and other buildings get into the water bodies, and as a result, water gets contaminated.
Water pollution affects the quality of life in more ways than one. The untreated sewage contains harmful chemicals that cause death in aquatic animals. The chemicals in water disrupt the nature of soil by altering the pH and reducing fertility thus adversely affecting agricultural activities. When humans consume water that is polluted, they suffer from diseases like