Ans. (a) Malay Peninsula and Indonesian Island of Sumatra
Straits of Malacca is a narrow, 550 mi (890 km) stretch of water between the Malay Peninsula and the Indonesian island of Sumatra. It is named after the Malacca sultanate that ruled over the archipelago between 1400 and 1511.
Q2. The latitude which passes through Sikkim also passes through _____.
सिक्किम से गुजरने वाला अक्षांश_________से भी गुजरता है |
The Western Ghats are home to four tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregions – the North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, North Western Ghats montane rain forests, South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, and South Western Ghats montane rain forests.
Q5. The final boundary between the Earth and the outer space is called _____.
पृथ्वी तथा बाह्य अंतरिक्ष के बीच अंतिम रेखा ________कहलाती है |
The magnetopause is the abrupt boundary between a magnetosphere and the surrounding plasma. For planetary science, the magnetopause is the boundary between the planet’s magnetic field and the solar wind.
Q6. What is the name of the hormone produced by thymus gland?
थाईमस ग्रंथि द्वारा निर्मित हॉर्मोन का क्या नाम है?
The thymus gland, located behind your sternum and between your lungs, is only active until puberty. After puberty, the thymus starts to slowly shrink and become replaced by fat. Thymosin is the hormone of the thymus, and it stimulates the development of disease-fighting T cells.
Q7. 49th Parallel is the boundary line between which two countries?
49 वी समानांतर रेखा किन दो देशों के मध्य की सीमा रेखा है?
(a) USA and Canada/ संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका तथा कनाडा
(b) North and South Vietnam/ उत्तरी तथा दक्षिणी वियतनाम
This one divides Blaine, Washington from Surrey, British Columbia. The 49th parallel north as a border between the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba (to the north), and the U.S. states of Washington, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota and Minnesota (to the south).
Q8. How does LaNina affect the Pacific Ocean?
ला नीना प्रशांत महासागर पर किस प्रकार से प्रभाव डालती है?
(a) Decreases salinity of ocean/ महासागर का खारापन कम कर देता है
(b) Cools downs the temperature of water/ जल का तापमान कम कर देता है
(c) Maintains stable temperature of water/ जल के तापमान को स्थिर कर देता है
(d) Increases salinity of ocean/ महासागर का खारापन बढ़ा देता है
Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum. Cinnamon is used mainly as an aromatic condiment and flavoring additive in a wide variety of cuisines, sweet and savoury dishes, breakfast cereals, snackfoods, and traditional foods. The aroma and flavor of cinnamon derive from its essential oil and principal component, cinnamaldehyde, as well as numerous other constituents, including eugenol.
Q10. Himalayan mountain range falls under which type of mountains?
हिमालय पर्वत श्रृंखला किस प्रकार की पर्वत श्रेणी में आता है?
Fold mountains form when two tectonic plates move towards each other at a convergent plate boundary. Fold mountains form from sedimentary rocks that accumulate along the margins of continents. When plates and the continents riding on them collide, the accumulated layers of rock may crumple and fold like a tablecloth that is pushed across a table, particularly if there is a mechanically weak layer such as salt.
The term is used for most mountain belts, such as the Himalayas.
Q11. ‘Norwesters’ are thunderstorms which are prominent in_______.
‘नोर वेस्टर्स या काल बैसाखी” तड़ितझंझा या बिजलीयुक्त तूफान हैं,जो _______में प्रमुख हैं |
(a) India and Bhutan/ भारत तथा भूटान
(b) Bhutan and Nepal/ भूटान तथा नेपाल
(c) India and Bangladesh/ भारत तथा बांग्लादेश
(d) Bangladesh and Myanmar/ बांग्लादेश तथा म्यांमार
Nor’westers or the Kalbaishakhi is a local rainfall and thunderstorm which occurs in India and Bangladesh. Kalbaishakhi occurs, with increasing frequency, from March till monsoon establishes over North-East India. Sometimes it might be progressive derechos. During this time Odisha, West Bengal, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bangladesh and North-Eastern states of India are affected by violent thunderstorms.
Q12. UV rays coming from Sun, majorly causes which cancer?
सूर्य से आने वाली किरणों से मुख्यतः कौन सा कर्करोग होता है?
Exposure to UV radiation is the main factor that causes skin cells to become cancer cells. Almost all skin cancers (approximately 99% of non-melanoma skin cancers and 95% of melanoma) are caused by too much UV radiation from the sun or other sources such as solaria (solariums, sunbeds, and sun lamps).