Division of powers between federal and state Government
There is a distribution of powers between the centre and the state governments, because a distribution of powers between the centre and constituent units is indispensable for its existence. Secondly, for administrative efficiency, the central government grants autonomy to provincial governments. Thus, the division of powers between the centre and the units is indispensable. Generally, the division of powers is made in such a way that matters of national importance are given to centre and matters of regional interest be given to provincial governments.
Q2. Under which article, President of India can proclaim financial emergency?
किस अनुच्छेद के अंतर्गत,भारत के राष्ट्रपति द्वारा वित्तीय आपातकाल लागू किया जा सकता है?
Under article 360 of the constitution, President can proclaim a financial emergency when the financial stability or credit of the nation or of any part of its territory is threatened.
Such an emergency must be approved by the Parliament within two months by simple majority. It has never been declared.A state of financial emergency remains in force indefinitely until revoked by the President.
The President can reduce the salaries of all government officials, including judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts, in cases of a financial emergency. All money bills passed by the State legislatures are submitted to the President for approval. He can direct the state to observe certain principles (economy measures) relating to financial matters.
Q3. “Relief of the disabled and unemployable” is listed in the ______ list given in the Seventh Schedule in the Constitution of India.
“विकलांग और बेरोजगारों को राहत” भारत के संविधान की सातवीं अनुसूची में दी गयी _____ सूचि में सूचीबद्ध है|
An amendment of the Constitution can be initiated only by the introduction of a Bill in either House of Parliament. The Bill must then be passed in each House by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting.There is no provision for a joint sitting in case of disagreement between the two Houses. The Bill, passed by the required majority, is then presented to the President who shall give his assent to the Bill.
Q5. Which of the following is justiciable in nature?
निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा न्यायपूर्ण है?
(a) Fundamental Duties/ मौलिक कर्तव्य
(b) Directive principles of state policy/ राज्य के निर्देशक सिद्धांत
The Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of India, was enacted during the Emergency Most provisions of the amendment came into effect on 3 January 1977, others were enforced from 1 February and Section 27 came into force on 1 April 1977.
The 42nd Amendment is regarded as the most controversial constitutional amendment in Indian history. It attempted to reduce the power of the Supreme Court and High Courts to pronounce upon the constitutional validity of laws. It laid down the Fundamental Duties of Indian citizens to the nation. This amendment brought about the most widespread changes to the Constitution in its history, and is sometimes called a “mini-Constitution”.
Q7. Which of the following right has been removed from fundamental rights and converted to a simple legal right?
निम्नलिखित में से कौन से अधिकार को मौलिक अधिकारों से हटाकर एक सामान्य कानूनी अधिकार बना दिया गया है?
(a) Right to life and personal liberty/ जीवन की रक्षा तथा दैहिक स्वतंत्रता का अधिकार
(b) Right to property/ संपत्ति का अधिकार
(c) Right to education/ शिक्षा का अधिकार
(d) Right to freedom of religion/ धार्मिक स्वतंत्रता का अधिकार
Fundamental Rights via the Constitution 44th Amendment Act, 1978. It was instead made a constitutional right under Article 300A which states that. ” No person can be deprived of his property except by authority of law.”
Q8. Which of the following does not come under Fundamental Duty?
निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा मौलिक कर्तव्य के अंतर्गत नहीं आता है?
(a) To safeguard public property/ सार्वजनिक संपत्ति की सुरक्षा
(b) To protect and improve the natural environment/ प्राकृतिक पर्यावरण का संरक्षण तथा उसमें सुधार करना
(c) To promote harmony/ सभ्दाव को बढ़ावा देना
(d) To protect freedom of speech and expression/ अभिव्यक्ति की स्वतंत्रता का संरक्षण
The Comptroller and Auditor General (C&AG) of India is an authority, established by the Constitution under Constitution of India/Part V – Chapter V/Sub-part 7B/Article 148, which audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments, including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government.
His tenure 6 yrs or up to 65 yrs of age (whichever is earlier).
Q10. Who is the custodian of Contingency Fund of India?
भारत के आकस्मिकता निधि का सरंक्षक कौन है?
(a) The Prime Minister / प्रधानमंत्री
(b) Judge of Supreme Court / सर्वोच्च न्यायालय के न्यायधीश
The Contingency Fund of India established under Article 267 (1) of the Constitution is in the nature of an imprest (money maintained for a specific purpose) which is placed at the disposal of the President to enable him/her to make advances to meet urgent unforeseen expenditure, pending authorization by the Parliament.