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SSC English : Grammar Tenses Simple Present

SSC English : Grammar Tenses Simple Present


SSC English : Grammar Tenses Simple Present

SSC English : Grammar Tenses Simple Present

Simple Present

FORM                   [VERB] + s/ es in third person

USE 1                     Repeated  Actions

Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something  that often happens. Examples:


  • I play tennis.
  • She does not play tennis.
  • Does he play tennis?
  • The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.
  • The train does not leave at 9 AM.
  • When does the train usually leave?
  • She always forgets her purse.
  • He never forgets his wallet.
  • Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun.
  • Does the Sun circle the Earth?


USE 2                     Facts or Generalizations

The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.


  • Cats like milk.
  • Birds do not like milk.
  • Do pigs like milk?
  • California is in America.
  • California is not in the United Kingdom.
  • Windows are made of glass.
  • Windows are not made of wood.

SSC English : Grammar Tenses Simple Present

USE 3                     Scheduled Events in the Near Future

Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well.


  • The train leaves tonight at 6 PM.
  • The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM.
  • When do we board the plane?
  • The party starts at 8 o’clock.
  • When does class begin tomorrow?

USE 4                     Newspaper headlines

Simple present tense is also used for newspaper headlines. Although the news reported is already done but the simple present is used.

Example:             Sachin receives the Bharat Ratna.

Use 5                     Exclamatory sentences beginning with here and there

For exclamatory sentences beginning with here and there we use the simple present tense.

Eg :         Here comes the school bus.

There goes the ball out of the boundary.

Use 6     Live commentary

The present simple is often used for running commentaries. This provides an ongoing narrative, describing events as

they happen, which is especially common for sports.

Eg :         The ball hits the net, and she loses the point.

SSC English : Grammar Tenses Simple Present
Important note

Notice the two sentences given below.

1   I don’t know what do they pay him for his work.

2   What do they pay him for his work?

In the first sentence a question is not being asked. But in the second sentence a question is being asked. When we ask a question the sentence structure is-

Wh word + helping verb + subject + MV +……………………..

But in simple assertive sentences the subject is used before the HV –

Subject + HV + MV +……….

Eg           Ravi is playing the piano.

In negative sentences we use do not and does not.



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