After his military victories over Chittor and Ranthambhore, Akbar decided to shift his capital from Agra to a new location, to honor the Sufi saint SalimChishti. He named the city, Fatehabad which was later called FatehpurSikri.
Q2.When the Vice-President is acting as President he
कब उपराष्ट्रपति राष्ट्रपति के रूप में काम करता है जब
I. will have all powers and functions of both President and Vice-President/ सभी शक्तियाँ और कार्य दोनों राष्ट्रपति और उपराष्ट्रपति का होगा
II. gets all the allowances and privileges of the President/ सभी भत्ते और विशेषाधिकार राष्ट्रपति के होते है
III. should continue to work as the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha/ राज्य सभा के सभापति के रूप में काम करने के लिए वह रहता है
The medium and long term of loans are disbursed to the farmers through Primary Land Development Banks who draw their finances from Central Land Development Banks who in turn draw their finances from NABARD. As for the short term credit, this is disbursed to the farmers through Primary Agricultural Credit Societies who draw their finances from Central Cooperative Banks who in turn draw their finances from the State Cooperative Banks.
Q4. Which of the following is the maximum number of electrons that can be present in M-shell?
निम्न में से कौन M- खोल में इलेक्ट्रॉन की अधिकतम संख्या के रूप में मौजूद हो सकता है ?
The Maximum number of electrons that can occupy a specific energy level can be found using the following formula: electron Capacity = 2n2. The variable n represents the Principal Quantum Number, the number of the energy level in question. Since the M-shell belongs to 3rd energy level, its electron capacity = 2 × 32 = 18
Q5. A cell increases in volume when it is placed in
When a cell is placed in a hypotonic solution, water rushes into the membrane, water rushes into the membrane, increasing the cell’s volume. Eventually, the cell’s membrane is enlarged such that it pushes against the cell’s rigid wall. At this point the cell is said to be turgid.
The uptake or absorption of water by the solid substance without forming a solution is called imbibitions. The substances absorbing water are called imbibants which do not dissolve in water. It is the initial step in the germination of the seeds.
Q7. Purity of a metal can be determined with the help of
एक धातु की शुद्धता किसकी मदद से निर्धारित की जा सकती है
(a) Pascal’s law/पास्कल का नियम
(b) Boyle’s law/बॉयल का नियम
(c) Archimedes principle/आर्किमिडीज के सिद्धांत
(d) Conservation of mass principle/बड़े पैमाने पर सिद्धांत का संरक्षण
Purity of a metal can be determined with the help of Archimedes Principle which makes use of the densities and buoyancy of metals. Finding the density of a metal sample can help to determine its purity. It is most commonly used in the checking the purity of gold.
Q8. The concept of tissue culture was introduced by
Wilhelm Roux is credited with the establishment of the basic principle of tissue culture in 1885. However, it was Gottlieb Haberlandt, an Austrian botanist, who first pointed out the possibilities of the culture f isolated tissues, plant tissue culture.
Q9. The first shore based integrated steel plant in the country is
The question should have been on ‘shore’ and not ‘short.’ Visakhapatnam Steel Plant-popularly known as Vizag Steel is the first Shore based integrated Steel Plant in the country. Set up in 1971, it is the most advanced steel producer in India. It is the largest single site plant in India and Asia Minor.
Q10. Two bodies kept at a certain distance feel a gravitational force F to each other. If the distance between them is made double the former distance, the force will be
दो शरीर एक निश्चित दूरी पर रखने से एक दूसरे की ओर गुरुत्वाकर्षण बल F लग रहा है। उनके बीच की दूरी पूर्व दूरी से दुगनी करने पर, बल होगा
Where F is the gravitational force, m1 and m2 are the masses of two objects, G is the universal gravitational constant and d is the distance between the two objects. Since the gravitational force is inversely proportional to the square of the distance, if the distance between the two bodies is doubled, the force of gravity is reduced to one-fourth its original value.
The principal modern schools of jurisprudence are the natural-law School, the analytical school, the historical school, the comparative school, and the sociological school. The first three differ mainly in their views of the nature and origin of law and its relation to ethics. The philosophical school is the oldest 9William O. Douglas, Associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court).
Q12. A philosophy that the worker should share in industrial decisions is termed as
एक दर्शन है कि कार्यकर्ता का औद्योगिक फैसलों में हिस्सा होना चाहिए | उसको कहा जाता है
Industrial democracy is an arrangement which involves arrangement which involves workers making decisions, sharing responsibility and authority in the workplace. While in participative management organizational designs workers are listened to and take part in the decision-making process, in organizations employing industrial democracy they also have the final decisive power.
Q13. The first country which discovered sea route to India was
पहला ऐसा देश जिसने भारत के लिए समुद्री मार्ग की खोज की थी
Explanation : The first trip directly made from Europe to India through the Atlantic Ocean took place under the command of the Portuguese navigator and explorer Vasco da Gama in 1497. This was one of the most remarkable expeditions of the Age of Discovery.
Q14. Name the condition which influences the development of plants into distinctive forms.
विशिष्ट रूपों में पौधों के विकास को प्रभावित करती है उसका नाम है ।
The development of plants into diverse and distinctive forms is mainly due to climatic factors such as temperature, precipitation, etc, which are in turn responsible for the variations in soil types. As seen in Koeppen’s classification, we can identify different climates by the types of plants that grow there.
Outer Ear or Pinna is found only in terrestrial mammals. It is composed of a thin plate of yellow elastic cartilage, covered with integument, and connected to the surrounding parts by ligaments and muscles.
When the plant cell is placed in a hypotonic solution, it takes up water by osmosis and starts to swell, but the cell wall prevents it from bursting. The plant cell is said to have become “turgid” i.e. swollen and hard. So it is because f endosmosis that cell becomes turgid.
The Indian Universities Act was passed in 1904 under the viceroyalty of Lord Curzon. Curzon had appointed the Thomas Raleigh Commission in 1902 to enquire into the condition and prospects of universities in Indian and to recommend proposals for improving their constitution and working.
Q20.Which of the following is the inalienable attribute of the parliamentary system of government?
निम्नलिखित में से कौनसी सरकार की संसदीय प्रणाली की अभिन्न विशेषता है ?
(a) Flexibility of the Constitution/संविधान का लचीलापन
(b) Fusion of Executive and Legislature/ कार्यपालिका और विधायिका का विलय
Explanation : A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature (parliament). The executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.
Q21. Which Indian industry is employing large number of workers?
कौनसे भारतीय उद्योग में श्रमिकों का बड़ी संख्या में रोजगार का सृजन होता है?
Workers in the Iron and Steel industry hold more than 200 different types of jobs. About 80 percent of all workers are directly engaged in moving raw materials and steel product about the plants, making iron and steel products, and maintaining the vast amount of machinery used in the industry. In addition, other workers are needed to do clerical, sales, professional, technical, administrative and supervisory works.
Q22. During the Second World War, which one of the following countries was not one of the three Axis Powers, which fought against the Allied Powers?
द्वितीय विश्व युद्ध के दौरान निम्नलिखित में से कौनसा देश तीन शक्तियों में से नही था जिन्होंने मित्र शक्तियों के खिलाफ लड़ाई लड़ी थी
Axis Powers was the coalition headed by Germany, Italy, and Japan that opposed the Allied Powers in World War II. The alliance originated in a series of agreements between Germany and Italy, followed by the proclamation of an “axis” binding Rome and Berlin (October (a)936), followed by the German-Japanese Anti-Comintern Pact against the Soviet Union (November (a)936).
Q23.Breaking down of rock in situ is knownas
बगल में चट्टान के नीचे तोड़ने के रूप में जाना जाता है
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soils and minerals as well as artificial materials through contact with the Earth’s atmosphere, biota and waters. Weathering occurs in situ, or “with no movement”.