Jinnah himself was the mastermind and architect of this pact. Due to the reconciliation brought about by Jinnah between the Congress and the League, the Nightingale of India, Sarojini Naidu, gave him the title of “the Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity”.
Q3. What is the name of the court poet of King Harshavardhana?
Austin, an English Jurist. He is regarded as a greatest exponent of Monistic Theory. In his book ‘Province of Jurisprudence Determined (1832) Austin observed’ ‘if a determinate human superior, not in the habit of obedience to a like superior, receives habitual obedience from the bulk of a given society, that determinate superior is sovereign in that society and that society (including superior) is a society political and independent.’ To Austin in every state there exists an authority to whom a large mass of citizen show compliance. This authority is absolute, unlimited and indivisible.
Q5. Which one is the correct chronological order of the following events?
1. Quit India Movement
2. Shimla Conference
3. Poona Pact
4. Cabinet Mission
निम्नलिखित घटनाओं का उनके घटनाक्रमानुसार सही क्रम क्या है?
The Poona Pact refers to an agreement between Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar and M.K. Gandhi signed on 24 September 1932 at Yerwada Central Jail in Pune, India.
The Quit India Movement or the India August Movement, was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British Rule of India.
The Shimla Conference 1945 was a meeting between the Viceroy and the major political leaders of British India at Simla, India. Convened to agree on and approve the Wavell Plan for Indian self-government, it reached a potential agreement for the self-rule of India that provided separate representation for Muslims and reduced majority powers for both communities in their majority regions.
The United Kingdom Cabinet Mission of 1946 to India aimed to discuss the transfer of power from the British government to the Indian leadership, with the aim of preserving India’s unity and granting it independence.
Q6. In 1917, which movement was launched by Mahatma Gandhi from Champaran?
वर्ष 1917 में महात्मा गाँधी द्वारा चंपारण में कौन सा आंदोलन शुरू किया गया था?
The Champaran Satyagraha of 1917, in the Champaran district of Bihar, India during the period of the British Raj, was the first Satyagraha movement inspired by Mohandas Gandhi and a major revolt in the Indian Independence Movement. Another important Satyagraha just after this revolt was Kheda Satyagraha.
Champaran Satyagraha was the first to be started, but the word Satyagraha was used for the first time in Anti Rowlatt Act agitation.
Q7. _________ can give the Union parliament power to make laws on matters included in the State list.
__________संसद को राज्य सूची के विषयों पर कानून बनाने का अधिकार दे सकती है?
(a) Ministry of Defence/ रक्षा मंत्रालय
(b) Prime Minister’s Office/ प्रधानमंत्री कार्यालय
(c) Securities and Exchange Board of India/ भारतीय प्रतिभूति और विनयम बोर्ड
The Parliament can make laws on the subjects mentioned in the State List in the following circumstances:
When a resolution is passed by the Rajya Sabha by two-thirds majority making it lawful for the Parliament to legislate on a subject mentioned in the State List in national interest (Art.249).
When a proclamation of emergency is in operation, the Parliament has the power to make laws for the whole or any part of India on any of the matters stated in the State List (Art.250).
When two or more States give their consent and pass resolutions for the same in their respective Legislatures to enable the Parliament to make a law on any matter listed in the State List (Art.252). Any such law will be applicable to only those States which have passed such resolution, not to all states.
The Parliament has the power to make laws for the whole or any part of India for implementing any treaty, agreement or convention with any other country or any decision made at any international conference etc. (Art.253)
Q8. According to the categories of land mentioned in the Chola inscriptions ___________ was known as the land of non-Brahmana peasant proprietors?
चोल अभिलेखों में उल्लेखित भूमि की विभिन्न कोटियों के अनुसार________ को गैर ब्राह्मण किसान स्वामी i भूमि कहा जाता था?
Sher Shah Suri (1486–22 May 1545) was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India, with its capital at Delhi.Sher Khan faced Humayun in the Battle of Chausa and defeated him. Assuming the title Farīd al-Dīn Shēr Shah, he defeated Humayun once again at Kannauj in May 1540 and forced him out of India.
Q10. A writ of _________ means that the court orders that the arrested person should be presented before it.
________ के द्वारा न्यायालय किसी गिरफ्तार व्यक्ति को न्यायालय के सामने प्रस्तुत करने का आदेश देता है |
Habeas corpus is a recourse in law through which a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment to a court and request that the court order the custodian of the person, usually a prison official, to bring the prisoner to court, to determine if the detention is lawful. It is a writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person’s release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention.
Q11. In 1236 Sultan Iltutmish’s daughter, __________, became Sultan.
1236 में सुल्तान इल्ल्तुत्मिश की बेटी _________सुल्तान बनी |
In 1919 Gandhiji gave a call for a Satyagraha against the Rowlatt Act, passed by the British. The Act restricted the freedom of expression and strengthened police powers. Mahatma Gandhi, Mohammad Ali Jinnah and others strongly opposed this Act. April 6th 1919, was observed as a day opposing the Act.