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SSC CGL Paper 4 AAO (Assistant Audit Officer) : (Solutions) (04-10-2016) Daily Unit Test

SSC CGL Paper 4 AAO (Assistant Audit Officer) : (Solutions) (04-10-2016) Daily Unit Test 

SSC CGL Paper 4 AAO (Assistant Audit Officer) : (Solutions) (04-10-2016) Daily Unit Test

Ans1:(D) National Food For Work Programme

I. This program was subsumed with the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) in February 2006.

II. The National Food for Work Programme was launched in November 2004 in 150 most backward districts of the country, identified by the Planning Commission in consultation with the Ministry of Rural Development and the State governments.

III. The objective of the programme was to provide additional resources apart from the resources available under the Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) to 150 most backward districts of the country so that generation of supplementary wage employment and providing of food-security through creation of need based economic, social and community assets in these districts are further intensified.

Ans2:(D) Social exclusion is a form of discrimination. It occurs when people are wholly or partially excluded from participating in the economic, social and political life of their community, based on their belonging to a certain social class, category or group. In India, social exclusion occurs on the basis of identities including caste, ethnicity, religion, gender and disability.

Social exclusion and poverty

Social exclusion has an undeniable impact on the poverty status of socially excluded communities.

Those who belong to socially excluded groups are not affected by a lack of resources ‘just like’ the rest of the poor. They face particular discrimination in gaining access to these resources. For example, there may be a clean water pump in a village but those who are socially excluded may not be allowed access to it.

Because social exclusion locks people out of the benefits of development, denying them opportunities, choices and a voice to claim their rights, it causes greater levels of poverty.

Ans3:(B) “A poverty line is identified in monetary units as the level of income or consumption expenditure required in order to avoid poverty.”

Below Poverty Line is an economic benchmark and poverty threshold used by the government of India to indicate economic disadvantage and to identify individuals and households in need of government assistance and aid. It is determined using various parameters which vary from state to state and within states.

26 crore people in India lives below poverty line(BPL).

Ans4:(A) The National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO), now known as National Sample Survey Office, is an organization under the Ministry of Statistics of the Government of India. It is the largest organisation in India conducting regular socio-economic surveys. It was established in 1950.

Employees of NSSO belong to Indian Statistical service(appointment through Union Public Service commission) and Subordinate statistical service(appointment through staff selection commission).

NSSO has four divisions:

I. Survey Design and Research Division (SDRD)

II. Field Operations Division (FOD)

III. Data Processing Division (DPD)

Iv. Co-ordination and Publication Division (CPD)

Ans5:(D) The poverty line is a commonly used way to identify the poor. It is a measure based on levels on income and consumption by people to identify poor. The concept of poverty line is based on the fact that a person must have a minimum level of income and consumption to satisfy the basic needs of food, clothing, clean water, education and healthcare.

When the income or consumption of a person falls below this minimum level, the person is considered to be poor. The minimum levels of requirement to determine the poverty line are different in different countries. In India, the determination of the poverty line takes into consideration the minimum requirements of food, clothing, footwear, fuel, power, education and healthcare for the subsistence of an individual.

The poverty line is revised periodically to accommodate rising prices and the changing requirements of people through nationwide surveys conducted by the National Sample Survey Organization. The percentage of population living under poverty line in India has reduced. Percentage of poor in rural areas is higher than in urban areas. Some groups and communities are more vulnerable to poverty than others.

SSC CGL Paper 4 AAO (Assistant Audit Officer) : (Solutions) (04-10-2016) Daily Unit Test

Ans6:(C) Odissa, Bihar two states of India continue to be the poorest state.

Ans7:(A) Poverty line in rural area is, as per 1999-2000 prices, is Rupees 328.

Ans8:(D) Women, Old people, Girls are the poorest of the poor.

Feminization of poverty is the phenomenon that women represent disproportionate percentages of the world’s poor.

I.UNIFEM describes it as “the burden of poverty borne by women, especially in developing countries”.

II. This phenomenon is not only a consequence of lack of income, but is also the result of the deprivation of capabilities and gender biases present in both societies and governments.This includes the poverty of choices and opportunities, such as the ability to lead a long, healthy, and creative life, and enjoy basic rights like freedom, respect, and dignity.

III. Women’s increasing share of poverty is related to the rising incidence of lone mother households. The term feminization of poverty itself is controversial and has been defined in many different ways. In 1978, Diana Pearce coined the term, “the feminization of poverty” after doing much research and seeing how many women struggled with poverty within the United States, as well as globally. According to Pearce’s research, two-thirds of the poor who were over age 16 were women.

Ans9:(B) 24.6 % is the poverty ratio in the state of Odissa in 2011-12.

Ans10:(D) Human Resource Development (HRD) is the framework for helping employees develop their personal and organizational skills, knowledge, and abilities.

Human Resource Development includes such opportunities as employee training, employee career development, performance management and development, coaching, mentoring, succession planning, key employee identification, tuition assistance, and organization development.

The focus of all aspects of Human Resource Development is on developing the most superior workforce so that the organization and individual employees can accomplish their work goals in service to customers.

Organizations have many opportunities for human resources or employee development, both within and outside of the workplace.

Human Resource Development can be formal such as in classroom training, a college course, or an organizational planned change effort. These are the options that you have for developing your employees. Formal training can add value in your workplace.

Or, Human Resource Development can be informal as in employee coaching by a manager or internal training and development classes taught by internal staff or a consultant. Mentoring by more experienced employees is also recommended for employee development.kerela has focused more on Human Resource Development (HRD).

Ans11:(B) A person having worked for one or more hours for one day or more days of a week is termed employed for that week.

Ans12:(C) The NSSO has given three concepts of employment to measure the status-usual status, current weekly status and current daily status.

Ans13:(B) The Maharashtra Government introduced the EGS in 1972-73. This scheme is the first one to recognize right to work.

SSC CGL Paper 4 AAO (Assistant Audit Officer) : (Solutions) (04-10-2016) Daily Unit Test

Ans14:(C) The works for example include minor irrigation, land development, command area development etc.

Ans15:(C) The scheme aimed at providing technical and financial assistance to small and marginal farmers.

Ans16:(C) The scheme aimed at increasing the living standards of the people. It also gave preference to socially and economically backward classes.

Ans17:(C) The scheme aimed at increasing the living standards of the people. It also gave preference to socially and economically backward classes.

Ans18:(C) Relative poverty refers to income inequality where high income group as more share than low income group.

Ans19:(D) All these committees have recommended various criteria and methods of poverty estimation.

Ans20:(B) This committee was set up by the Rural Development Ministry to suggest methods to suggest methods to identify BPL families in rural areas.

 Ans21:(D) Apart from these, maha Dalit groups, destitute households, households headed by minor etc are also included.

Ans22:(B) The state government is the nodal agency for this scheme.

Ans23:(A) Under this scheme, rupees 75000 will be payable if it is a case of total permanent disability and rupees 37500 in case of partial disability.

Ans24:(D) The 12th FYP covering 2012-17 has the main objective of faster, more inclusive and sustainable growth.

Ans25:(C) The 3rd Five Year Plan failed to achieve the target for various internal and external reasons.

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