A chaitya is a Buddhist shrine or prayer hall with a stupa at one end. In modern texts on Indian architecture, the term chaitya-griha is often used to denote an assembly or prayer hall that houses a stupa.
Q2. Which among the following fort was known as the ‘Key of Deccan?
Asirgarh Fort is an Indian fortress situated in the Satpura Range about 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of the city of Burhanpur, in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Because the fortress commands a pass through the Satpuras connecting the valleys of the Narmada and Tapti rivers, one of the most important routes from northern India to the Deccan, it was known as the “key to the Deccan”.
Florence Nightingale went to the Crimean War to nurse wounded soldiers. She and her nurses saved many lives. This was ten years before Britain had its first steam passenger railway. Florence was very dedicated to her job. She would often visit the soldiers at night when everyone was asleep just to make sure they were ok. She was then referred to as “The Lady of the Lamp” because she hardly took time off to sleep. Florence became a true hero to the soldiers and everyone back home in England.
Q6. Where has the world’s largest monolithic statue of Buddha been installed ?
The Buddhas of Bamiyan were in 4th and 5th-centuries monumental statues of standing buddha carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamyan valley in the Hazarajat by Hazaras region of central Afghanistan. The statues represented the classic blended style of Gandhara art.
Q7.Who was the architect of North and South Blocks of the Central Secretariat in Delhi ?
Sir Herbert Baker was a British architect remembered as the dominant force in South African architecture for two decades, and a major designer of some of New Delhi’s most notable government structures.
Q8. Which amidst the following sites/monuments in India is NOT on the UNESCO’s list of World Cultural Heritages?
A Peshwa was the equivalent of a modern Prime Minister in the Maratha Empire. Originally, the Peshwas served as subordinates to the Chatrapati (the Maratha king), but later, they became the de facto leaders of the Marathas, and the Chatrapati was reduced to a nominal ruler.
Q10. The Harappan Civilization was discovered in the year :
Muhammad Tughlaq was a scholar of logic, philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, physical sciences and calligraphy. He was also interested in medicine and was skilled in several languages like Persian, Arabic, Turkish and Sanskrit.
Q12. The title ‘Indian Napolean’ has been attached to
Samudra gupta of the Gupta dynasty is known as the Napoleon of India. Historian A V Smith called him so because of his great military conquests known from the ‘Prayag Prashati’ written by his courtier and poet Harisena, who also describes him as the hero of a hundred battles.
Q13. The battle that led to the foundation of Muslim power in India was
The Second Battle of Tarian (Taraori) was again fought between Ghurid army of Mohammed Ghori and Rajput army of Prithviraj Chauhan. The battle took place near Tarain. In this battle, Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated by Mohammed Ghori.
Q14. Who was the National leader who wrote History of India on the walls of the Andaman Cellular Jail?
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an Indian pro-independence activist, politician as well as a poet, writer and playwright. He advocated dismantling the system of caste in Hindu culture, and reconversion of the converted Hindus back to Hindu religion. While in the Cellular jail, Savarkar was denied pen and paper. He composed and wrote his poems on the prison walls with thorns and pebbles, memorised thousands lines of his poetry for years till other prisoners returning home brought them to mainland India.
Q15. The ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ was first applied to the Princely State of
Dargah Sharif or Ajmer Sharif is a sufi shrine of sufi saint, Moinuddin Chishti located at Ajmer, Rajasthan, India. The main gate to the shrine is the Nizam Gate, following which is Shahjahani Gate which was erected by Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan.
The ‘Ajivikas’ were a Sect contemporary to the Buddha. Ajivika is one of the nastika or “heterodox” schools of Indian philosophy. Purportedly founded in the 5th century BCE by Makkhali Gosala, it was a Śramaṇa movement and a major rival of early Buddhism and Jainism. Ājīvikas were organised renunciates who formed discrete communities.
Q19. The Indian Universities were first founded in the time of
Lord Canning served as Governor General of India from 1856 to 1862. During his tenure, the Government of India Act, 1858 was passed which created the office of Viceroy to be held by the same person who was Governor General of India. Thus, Lord Canning also served as first Viceroy of India.
Q20. One of the following was not involved in the Chittagong Armoury Raid, 1934. Who was he?
Battle of Buxar, 1764 events made the English East India Company the legitimate masters of the Bengal Suba. The Bengal Subah was a subdivision of the Mughal Empire encompassing modern Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar and Orissa between the 16th and 18th centuries. The state was established following the dissolution of the Bengal Sultanate, when the region was absorbed into one of the largest empires in the world.
Q22. Apart from the Quit India Movement which started on 9th August 1942, what other sensational activity of the freedom fighters was done on 9th August?
Kakori is a village near Lucknow. It became famous, because on the evening of August 9, 1925, the Number 8 Down train from Shahjahanpur to Lucknow was held-up, relieved of about Rs. 8,000, headed for the government treasury, from railway guard’s carriage near Kakori. There was one accidental shot fired which killed a passenger.
Q23. Which of the following is associated with Sufi saints?
Khanqah is associated with Sufi saints. A khanqah or khaniqah also known as a ribat, among other terms it is a building designed specifically for gatherings of a Sufi brotherhood or tariqa and is a place for spiritual retreat and character reformation. Khanqahs are very often found adjoined to dargahs (shrines of Sufi saints), mosques and madrasas (Islamic schools).
Q24. Which of the following treaties brought an end to the independent existence of Peshwa Baji Rao II ?
The Treaty of Bassein (Now called Vasai) was a pact between the British East India Company and Baji Rao II, the Maratha peshwa of Pune (Poona) in India after the Battle of Poona. The treaty was a decisive step in the dissolution of the Maratha Empire, which led to the East India Company’s usurpation of the empire’s territories in western India.
Q25. Which of the following powers did not fight for the Tungabhadra Doab?
Tryst with Destiny speech made by Pt Jawaharlal Nehru. Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom.
Q27. The organic relationship between the ancient culture of the Indus Valley and Hinduism of today is proved by the worship of
Satyagraha finds expression in Non-cooperation. The term originated in a competition in the news-sheet Indian Opinion in South Africa in 1906. Mr. Maganlal Gandhi, grandson of an uncle of Gandhiji came up with the word,”Sadagraha” and won the prize.
Q29. Which of the following aspects is not common to both Bhakti movement and Sufi movement?
Worship of idols aspects is not common to both Bhakti movement and Sufi movement. Idolatry is the worship of an idol or a physical object as a representation of a god. In all the Abrahamic religions idolatry is strongly forbidden, although views as to what constitutes idolatry differ within and between them. In some other religions the use of idolsis accepted.
Q30. The Muslim League advocated a separate Muslim State
(a) At its birth in 1906
(b) During the Khilafat Movement
(c) In 1930, when it opposed the Civil Disobedience Movement
The Muslim League advocated a separate Muslim State At the Lahore Session of 1940. That geographically contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be constituted, with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary that the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in a majority as in the North Western and Eastern Zones of (British) India should be grouped to constitute ‘independent states’ in which the constituent units should be autonomous and sovereign.
Ranthambore Fort lies within the Ranthambore National Park, near the town of Sawai Madhopur, the park being the former hunting grounds of the Maharajahs of Jaipur until the time of India’s Independence.
Q32. How was Burma (now Myanmar) known to ancient Indians?
Narsinh Mehta, also known as Narsi Mehta or Narsi Bhagat was a poet saint of Gujarat, India, notable as a bhakta, an exponent of Vaishnava poetry. He is especially revered in Gujarati literature, where he is acclaimed as its Adi Kavi (Sanskrit for “first among poets”). His bhajan Vaishnav Jan To is Mahatma Gandhi’s favourite and has become synonymous to him.
Q34. Who was the first Indian to be made a fellow of the Royal Society of London ?
The French Government sent a powerful army under the command of Count-de-Lally to mitigate the influence of the British in India. The English General, Sir Eyre Coote, defeated the French army under Lally in the Battle of Wandiwash. The English captured Pondicherry and Mahe, badly defeating the French.
The war ended in 1763 with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. The third Anglo French conflict proved to be decisive. Although French factories in India were restored, they could no longer be fortified or even adequately garrisoned with troops.
The East India Company arrived first at Surat, India in 1608 in the ship Hector commanded by William Hawkins and within a few years had established a permanent factory there. Surat was the port used by the textile manufacturers of Gujarat and was the most important centre for the overseas trade of the Mughal Empire.
Q38. In which of the following years, 26thJanuary was celebrated as an independence day?
The Permanent Settlement (also Premanent Settlement of Bengal) was introduced by Lord Cornwallis in 1793. It was an agreement between the British East India Company and the Landlords of Bengal to settle the Land Revenue to be raised. Lord Cornwallis came to India as the Governor General.
Q40. Who spoke : “At the stroke of midnight, when the world sleeps, India awakes to life and freedom”?
“Tryst with Destiny” was a speech delivered by Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India, to the Indian Constituent Assembly in The Parliament, on the eve of India’s Independence, towards mid nighton 15 August 1947. It focuses on the aspects that transcend India’s history.