The current account is an important indicator about an economy’s health. It is defined as the sum of the balance of trade (goods and services exports less imports), net income from abroad and net current transfers.
A savings account is a deposit account held at a retail bank that pays interest but cannot be used directly as money in the narrow sense of a medium of exchange (for example, by writing a cheque). These accounts let customers set aside a portion of their liquid assets while earning a monetary return.
A capital account shows the net change in physical or financial asset ownership for a nation and, together with the current account, constitutes a nation’s balance of payments. The capital account includes foreign direct investment (FDI), portfolio and other investments, plus changes in the reserve account.
Asset accounts are categories within the business’s books that show the value of what it owns. They can be for either capital assets or current assets.
Q2. _______ is defined as the output per unit of variable input
_______ की प्रति इकाई परिवर्ती आगत के रूप में परिभाषित किया जाता है|
The marginal product or marginal physical product of an input (factor of production) is the change in output resulting from employing one more unit of a particular input (for instance, the change in output when a firm’s labor is increased from five to six units), assuming that the quantities of other inputs are kept constant.
A production function relates physical output of a production process to physical inputs or factors of production. It is a mathematical function that relates the maximum amount of output that can be obtained from a given number of inputs – generally capital and labor.
Total product is the overall quantity of output that a firm produces, usually specified in relation to a variable input. Total product is the starting point for the analysis of short-run production. It indicates how much output a firm can produce according to the law of diminishing marginal returns.
Average product refers to the average output (or products) produced by each input (factors of production like labor and land). It’s a way for companies to measure total output produced with a particular combination of variable inputs. In our example, it’s the average number of tents produced by each worker.
Q3. “Taxes on lands and buildings” is listed in the __________ list given in the Seventh Schedule in the Constitution of India.
“भूमि तथा भवन पर लगने वाला कर” भारत के संविधान की सातवीं अनुसूची में दी गयी ____ सूची में सूचीबद्ध है|
Akbar became the king in 1556 at the age of 13. Bairam Khan was appointed as Akbar’s regent. Soon after coming to power Akbar defeated Hemu, the general of the Afghan forces, in the Second Battle of Panipat. After a few years he ended the regency of Bairam Khan and took charge of the kingdom.
Mulching – Mulching is the process of covering the topsoil with plant material such as leaves, grass, twigs, crop residues, straw etc. A mulch cover enhances the activity of soil organisms such as earthworms. They help to create a soil structure with plenty of smaller and larger pores through which rainwater can easily infiltrate into the soil, thus reducing surface runoff.
Contour barriers – Contour barriers are contour strips which intercept downslope flowing water and soil particles. These barriers slow down the water movement and reduce its erosive force. They also filter out and trap many of the suspended soil particles, keeping them from being washed out of the field.
Rock dam – Rocks are piled up across a channel to slow down the flow of water. This prevents gullies and further soil loss.
Terrace farming – In agriculture, a terrace is a piece of sloped plane that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces or platforms, which resemble steps, for the purposes of more effective farming.
Q9. In male reproductive system, the testes are situated outside the abdominal cavity within a pouch called __________.
पुरुष जनन तंत्र के शरीर में वृषण उदर गुहा के बाहर एक थैली में स्थित होते हैं जिसे _____ कहते हैं|
The scrotum (or scrotal sac) is a part of the external male genitalia located behind and underneath the penis. It is the small, muscular sac that contains and protects the testicles, blood vessels, and part of the spermatic cord.
Q10. Which of the following is not among the 3 main classes of Algae?
निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा शैवाल के तीन प्रमुख वर्गों में से नहीं है?