Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Francophone Genevan philosopher, writer and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the Enlightenment in France and across Europe, as well as aspects of the French Revolution and the overall development of modern political and educational thought.
Rashidun Caliphs. Abu Bakr, the first successor of Muhammad, nominated Umar as his successor on his deathbed. Umar, the second caliph, was killed by a Persian named Piruz Nahavandi. His successor, Uthman, was elected by a council of electors (majlis).
Q636. From which country did the USA purchase Alaska to make it the 50th federating State?
The trials were held in the city of Nuremberg, Germany. The Nuremberg trials were a series of military tribunals, held by the Allied forces after World War II, which were most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, judicial and economic leadership of Nazi Germany who planned, carried out, or otherwise participated in The Holocaust and other war crimes.
Q638. The theory of “natural rights” was propounded by
John Locke was another prominent Western philosopher who conceptualized rights as natural and inalienable. Like Hobbes, Locke was a major social contract thinker. He said that man’s natural rights are life, liberty, and property.
Q639. During 18th century who among the following philosophers said these famous words? “Man is born free but is everywhere in chains.”
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, in his dramatic opening lines to his immensely powerful treatise “The Social Contract,” wrote that man was naturally good but becomes corrupted by the pernicious influence of human society and institutions.
Q640. Arrange the following events in the chronological order:
(a) Sir Winston Churchill dies
(b) Alaska becomes the 49th State of the USA
(c) China and Pakistan sign frontier treaty
(d) First earth satellite (Sputnik 1) launched by the USSR
The Hundred Years’ War is the modern term for a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, rulers of the Kingdom of France, for control of the Kingdom of France. It was one of the most notable conflicts of the Middle Ages, in which five generations of kings from two rival dynasties fought for the throne of the largest kingdom in Western Europe.
Q642. Who were the three eminent statesmen who started the Nonaligned Movement?
(a) Jawaharlal Nehru, Anwar Sadat, Soekarno
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru, Chou Enlai, Kwame Nkrumah
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru, Fidel Castro, Marshal Tito
(d) Jawaharlal Nehru, Gamal Abdul Nasser, Marshal Tito
Florence Nightingale was the founder of modern nursing. She gave nursing a highly favourable reputation and became an icon of Victorian culture, especially in the persona of “The Lady with the Lamp” making rounds of wounded soldiers at night.
Karbala is a city in Iraq. The city, best known as the location of the Battle of Karbala and believed to be as holy a city for Shia Muslims as Mecca, Medina and the noble sanctuary in Jerusalem, because tens of millions of Shia Muslims visit the site twice a year, which is more than the total Shia visitors of Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem.
The American Civil War was a civil war in the United States. The Union won the war, which remains the bloodiest in U.S. history. The war had its origin in the factious issue of slavery, especially the extension of slavery into the western territories. By the end of the American Revolution, slavery had proven unprofitable in the North and was dying out.
The history of Fascist ideology, or fascism and ideology, is long and involves many sources. Fascists took inspiration from as far back as the Spartans for their focus on racial purity and emphasis on rule by an elite minority.
Q653. Who among the following is referred to as ‘Desert Fox’?
The Axis powers also known as the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied Powers. The “Axis powers” formally took the name after the Tripartite Pact was signed by Germany, Italy, and Japan in Berlin.
Q655. Independence movement of Vietnam was headed by
Herodotus is considered the Father of History. Herodotus wrote the “Histories” somewhere around 440 BC. He was the first historian to arrange materials systematically and critically and place them in a historical narrative.
Q659. Who has given the statement “Man is born free but he is always in chain?”
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a francophone genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. He begins with the dramatic opening lines, “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains. Those who think themselves the masters of others are indeed greater slaves than they.”
Q660. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below the Lists:
The candidate with the most votes in each state becomes the candidate which that state supports for president. It’s all down to a system called the electoral college, a group of people who choose the winner – 538 of them, in fact. Just half of them – 270 – are needed to make a president.
Q662. The United Kingdom is a classic example of a/an
The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy, and succession to the British throne is hereditary. The monarch, or Sovereign, is the Head of State of the United Kingdom and amongst several roles is notably the Commander-in-chief of the British Armed Forces.
Herodotus is known as the father of history because he was the first historian to collect and systematically document events and create an account. He compiled these accounts into his single major work known as the histories.
Q665. With the fall of which among the following, the French Revolution began?
The medieval fortress and prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris. The prison contained just seven inmates at the time of its storming but was a symbol of the abuse of the monarchy, its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution.
Q666. Which one country is still governed by a monarch?
Iran first became a constitutional monarchy, but underwent a period of autocracy after which the Iranian National Assembly was restored to power. Iran remained a constitutional monarchy and active parliamentary democracy with Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi retaining extensive legal executive powers.
Corsica is an island in the Mediterranean sea and one of the 18 regions of france. Napoleon Bonaparte also known as Napoleon I, was a french military leader and emperor who conquered much of europe in the early 19th century.Born on the island of Corsica.
Q668. In which of the following wars, were the French completely defeated by the English?
The Battle of Wandiwash was a decisive battle in India during the Seven Years’ War. This was the Third Carnatic War fought between the French and the British. After making substantial gains in Bengal and Hyderabad, the British, after collecting huge amount of revenue, were fully equipped to face the French in Wandiwash. Thus, they defeated the French comprehensively in this Battle.
The term is mainly used historically for the Imperial Diet, the general assembly of the Imperial Estates of the Holy Roman Empire, and for the legislative bodies of certain countries. Modern usage mainly relates to the Kokkai of Japan, called “Diet” in English, or the German Bundestag, the Federal Diet.