Crystallisation – Crystallization is also a chemical solid–liquid separation technique, in which mass transfer of a solute from the liquid solution to a pure solid crystalline phase occurs. In chemical engineering, crystallization occurs in a crystallizer.
Melting point – The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a solid is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure. At the melting point the solid and liquid phase exist in equilibrium.
Evaporation – Evaporation is the process of a substance in a liquid state changing to a gaseous state due to an increase in temperature and/or pressure. Evaporation is a fundamental part of the water cycle and is constantly occurring throughout nature.
Galvanisation – Galvanisation or galvanization (or galvanizing as it is most commonly called) is the process of applying a protective zinc coating to iron or steel, to prevent rusting. The most common method is hot dip galvanizing, in which steel sections are submerged in a bath of molten zinc.
Q2. ________ is the interaction in which one species benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefited.
______ यह ऐसी पारस्परिक क्रिया है जिसमें एक जाति को लाभ होता है और दूसरी को न हानि न लाभ होता है|
Predation – predation describes a relationship and actions between two creatures. A predator attacks and eats its prey. Predators may or may not kill their prey before eating them. But the act of predation always causes the death of its prey and taking in the prey’s body parts into the predators body.
Commensalism – Commensalism is a relationship between individuals of two species in which one species obtains food or other benefits from the other without either harming or benefiting the latter.
Competition – Competition is an interaction between organisms or species in which both the organisms or species are harmed. Limited supply of at least one resource (such as food, water, and territory) used by both can be a factor.
Parasitism – Parasitism is a relationship between two organisms where one is usually harmed and the other gets benefits from the relationship. Parasites are smaller than their host organism and can reproduce quicker, causing more damage to the host.
Q3. _______ scheme by the Central Government aims at providing affordable aviation by making domestic flight charges economically accessible for middle-class citizens of India.
केंद्र सरकार द्वारा शुरू की गयी _____ योजना का उद्देश्य भारत के मध्यमवर्गीय नागरिकों के लिए आर्थिक रूप से सुलभ घरेलू उड़ान शुल्क बनाकर किफायती विमानन सेवाएं उपलब्ध करवाना है|
(a) Uday Desh Ka Aam Nagrik/ उड़े देश का आम नागरिक
(b) Urja Ganga/ ऊर्जा गंगा
(c) Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat/ एक भारत श्रेष्ठ भारत
Uday Desh Ka Aam Nagrik – UDAN (which stands for ‘Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik’) is a Regional Connectivity Scheme launched by the government that aims to make unserved/underserved airports in small cities operational with regular flights, and offer subsidized airfares to encourage more people to fly.
Urja Ganga – Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Urja Ganga gas pipeline project seems on course to achieve the target of meeting the energy requirements of 40 districts and 2,600 villages across five eastern states by December 2020.
Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat – The ‘Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat’ programme, aims to actively enhance interaction between people of diverse cultures living in different States and UTs in India, with the objective of promoting greater mutual understanding amongst them.
Namami Ganga Yojana – Namami Gange Project or Namami Ganga Yojana is an ambitious Union Government Project which integrates the efforts to clean and protect the Ganga river in a comprehensive manner.
Q4. What is the common characteristic of the elements of the same group in the periodic table?
आवर्त सारणी में समान तत्वों के समूह की सामान्य विशेषता क्या होती है?
(a) Electrons in outer most shell/ बाह्मतम कक्ष में इलेक्ट्रॉन
(b) Total number of electrons/ कुल इलेक्ट्रानों की संख्या
(c) Total number of protons/ कुल प्रोटॉनों की संख्या
Under the Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan, the pregnant ladies will be given free health check-up and required treatment for free on 9th of every month. The scheme will be applicable for pregnant women to avail in all Government hospitals across the country.
Biodiversity on earth is greatest in the tropics with the number and variety of species gradually diminishing toward the poles because they are especially fertile grounds for the formation of new species.
Q12. Who will be implementing the Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana scheme during financial year 2017-18?
वित्तीय वर्ष 2017 -18 के दौरान वरिष्ठ पेंशन बीमा योजना का क्रियान्वयन कौन करेगा?
(a) National Insurance Company Limited / राष्ट्रिय बीमा कंपनी लिमिटेड
(b) New India Assurance Company Limited / न्यू इंडिया एश्योरेंस कंपनी लिमिटेड
(c) Life Insurance of Corporation of India / एसबीआई जीवन बीमा कंपनी लिमिटेड
(d) SBI Life Insurance Company Limited / भारतीय जीवन बीमा निगम
NDA Government during its last term in office had introduced the Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana (VPBY) as a pension scheme for senior citizens. Under the scheme a total number of 3.16 lakh annuitants are being benefited and corpus amounts to Rs.6,095 Crore. I propose to revive the scheme for a limited period from 15th August 2014 to 14th August 2015 for the benefit of citizens aged 60 years and above.
LIC of India has been given the sole privilege to operate this scheme.