The Vote on Account is the special provision given to the government to obtain the vote of Parliament to withdraw money when the budget for the new financial year is not released or the elections are underway, and the caretaker government is in place.
A vote on account stays valid for two months but however, it can be extended if the year is an election year and it is anticipated that the main demand and the appropriation bill will take longer to be passed by the house.
Q3. India has taken the concept of ‘Judicial Review’ from which country’s constitution?
भारतीय संविधान में ‘न्यायिक पुनरावलोकन’ का प्रावधान किस देश के संविधान से लिया गया है?
Judicial review is a process under which executive and (in some countries) legislative actions are subject to review by the judiciary. The power of courts to assess whether a law is in compliance with the constitution. A court with judicial review power may invalidate laws and decisions that are incompatible with a higher authority; an executive decision may be invalidated for being unlawful or a statute may be invalidated for violating the terms of a written constitution. Judicial review is one of the checks and balances in the separation of powers: the power of the judiciary to supervise the legislative and executive branches when the latter exceed their authority.
Q4. How many times a person can be elected as the President of India?
कोई व्यक्ति भारत के राष्ट्रपति के पद पर कितनी बार चुना जा सकता है?
Article 32 was called the “soul of the constitution and very heart of it” by Dr. Ambedkar. Supreme Court has included it in basic structure doctrine. Further, it is made clear that right to move to Supreme Court cannot be suspended except otherwise provided by the Constitution.
Q6. Which of the following provision needs a special majority in Parliament?
निम्नलिखित में से कौन से प्रावधान के लिए संसद में विशेष बहुमत की आवश्यकता पड़ती है?
(a) Change in Fundamental Rights / मौलिक अधिकारों में परिवर्तन
(b) Creation of New States / नये राज्यों का गठन
(c) Abolition of Legislative Councils in State / राज्य में विधान परिषद का उन्मूलन
(d) Rules and Procedures in Parliament / संसद में नियम व प्रक्रिया
Changes to the fundamental rights require a constitutional amendment, which has to be passed by a special majority of both houses of Parliament. This means that an amendment requires the approval of two-thirds of the members present and voting. However, the number of members voting should not be less than the simple majority of the house – whether the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha.
Q7. Which of the following is not a fundamental duty?
निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा एक मौलिक कर्त्तव्य नहीं है?
(a) To abide by constitution and respect the National Flag/ संविधान का पालन और राष्ट्रीय ध्वज का सम्मान करना
(b) To promote harmony and brotherhood/ एकता और भाईचारेको बढावा देना
(c) To uphold and protect the sovereignty/ प्रभुत्व की रक्षा और उसे बनाए रखना
(d) Abolition of titles except military and academic/ सैन्य और शिक्षा के अतिरिक्त सभी उपाधियों का उन्मुलन
To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
Q8. Which article can be used by The President of India to declare financial emergency?
किस अनुच्छेद का उपयोग करके भारत के राष्ट्रपति वित्तीय आपातकाल को घोषित कर सकते हैं?
Article 32 – Article 32 of the Indian Constitution enshrines this provision whereby individuals may seek redressal for the violation of their fundamental rights.
Article 349 – Special procedure for enactment of certain laws relating to language
Article 360 – Article 360 of Constitution of India deals with Provisions as to financial emergency.
Article 365 – Article 365 says that where any State has failed to comply with, or to give effect to, any directions given in the exercise of the executive power of the Union under any of the provisions of this Constitution, it shall be lawful for the President to hold that a situation has arisen in which the Government of the State cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.
Q9. _______ means that the Supreme Court will reconsider the case and the legal issues involved in it.
_______ का मतलब है कि सर्वोच्च न्यायलय मामले और उसमें शामिल कानूनी मुद्दों पर पुनर्विचार करेगा|
(a) Original Jurisdiction/ मौलिक क्षेत्राधिकार
(b) Writ Jurisdiction/ रिट संबंधी क्षेत्राधिकार
(c) Appellate Jurisdiction/ अपीली क्षेत्राधिकार
(d) Advisory Jurisdiction/ सलाह सम्बन्धी क्षेत्राधिकार
Article 217(1) provides that every High Court judge shall be appointed by the President after consultation with the Chief Justice of India, the Governor of the State and, in the case of appointment of a judge other than the Chief Justice, the Chief Justice of the High Court. According to the 15th Amendment Act, 1963, of the Constitution, the retirement age was 60 years for High Court judges, but now it is 62 years.