The anti-defection law was passed by parliament in 1985. The 52nd amendment to the Constitution added the Tenth Schedule which laid down the process by which legislators may be disqualified on grounds of defection. A member of parliament or state legislature was deemed to have defected if he either voluntarily resigned from his party or disobeyed the directives of the party leadership on a vote. That is, they may not vote on any issue in contravention to the party’s whip. Independent members would be disqualified if they joined a political party.
Q2. Who was the founder of Banaras Hindu University?
बनारस हिन्दू विश्वविद्यालय की स्थापना किसने की थी?
The Banaras Hindu University was established by Madan Mohan Malviya who was a prominent lawyer and an Indian independence activist, Malviya considered education as the primary means for achieving a national awakening.
Q3. The second Battle of Tarain was fought between __________.
तरईंन का द्वितीय युध्ह _______के बीच लड़ा गया था |
(a) Alexander and Porus/ सिकंदर तथा पोरस
(b) Jai Chand and Mohammed Ghori/ जयचंद तथा मोहम्मद गोरी
(c) Akbar and Hemu/ अकबर तथा हेमू
(d) Mohammed Ghori and Prithviraj Chauhan/ मोहम्मद गोरी तथा पृथ्वीराज चौहान
The Second Battle of Tarain was again fought between Ghurid army of Mohammed Ghori and Rajput army of Prithviraj Chauhan. In this battle, Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated by Mohammed Ghori. The Second Battle of Tarain 1192 A.D.
Q4. How many members of upper house (Rajya Sabha) can be nominated by President of India?
ऊपरी सदन (राज्य सभा) के कितने सदस्यों की नियुक्ति भारत के राष्ट्रपति द्वारा की जा सकती है?
The Akbarnama which translates to Book of Akbar, is the official chronicle of the reign of Akbar, the third Mughal Emperor, commissioned by Akbar himself by his court historian and biographer, Abul Fazl who was one of the nine jewels in Akbar’s court.
The Vijaya Stambha is an imposing victory monument located within Chittorgarh fort in Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, India. The tower was constructed by the Mewar king, Rana Kumbha, in 1448 to commemorate his victory over the combined armies of Malwa and Gujarat led by Mahmud Khilji.
Q9. Who raised the slogan “Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it”?
“स्वराज मेरा जन्म-सिद्ध अधिकार है और मै इसे लेकर रहूँगा”नारा किसने दिया था?
Tilak was one of the first and strongest proponent for Swaraj (complete independence) in the Indian consciousness, and is considered the father of Hindu nationalism. He gave the famous quote – “Swaraj is my birthright and i shall have it”
Q10. Part IV of Constitution of India deals with which of the following?
भारतीय संविधान का भाग IV निम्नलिखित में से किस से सम्बंधित है?
(a) The Union/ संघ
(b) The State/ राज्य
(c) Fundamental rights/ मौलिक अधिकार
(d) Directive Principles of State Policy/ राज्य के निति निर्देशक तत्व
The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) are the guidelines or principles given to the federal institutes governing the state of India, to be kept in citation while framing laws and policies. These provisions, contained in Part IV (Article 36-51) of the Constitution of India, are not enforceable by any court, but the principles laid down therein are considered irrefutable in the governance of the country, making it the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws to establish a just society in the country.
Q11. Who gave the slogan “Back to the Vedas (vedo ki aur lauto)”?