Certiorari is a writ seeking judicial review. A certiorari is issued by a superior court, directing an inferior court, tribunal, or other public authority to send the record of a proceeding for review.
Q2. Which among the following Mughal Emperor was illiterate?
Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbár, also known as Akbar the Great was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from the time of his accession in 1556 until 1605. Akbar was illiterate, surprising because his family had a reputation for learning and two of the most important women in his life, his wife Salima Sultan and his aunt, Gulbadan, were “accomplished in letters,” he had a great love for knowledge.
As per the articles 352, 356 and 360 in the Constitution of India, President of India have been given extraordinary power to declare an emergency to meet any threat to the country. Those powers to President of India in Constitution are called emergency provisions.
Q5. Who led the Bardoli Satyagraha movement?
बारडोली सत्याग्रह आंदोलन का नेतृत्व किसने किया था?
The most significant event took place in 1928 called as Bardoli Satyagraha. This movement was the decisive factor in history of Indian freedom struggle and political career of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. This satyagraha laid the foundation of biggest civil disobedience movement against British rule.
Q6. Who is known as the ‘Father of Indian Unrest’?
Guru Har Krishan ([ɡʊru həɾ kɾɪʃən]; 7 July 1656 – 30 March 1664) revered as the eighth Nanak, was the eighth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion. … He is remembered in the Sikh tradition for saying “Baba Bakale” before he died, which Sikhs interpreted to identify his granduncle Guru Tegh Bahadur as the next successor.
Q9. Lord Cornwallis is known for _____.
लार्ड कार्नवालिस को ______ के लिए जाना जाता है|
(a) permanent revenue settlement of Bengal/ बंगाल की स्थायी राजस्व व्यवस्था
(b) attacking the caste system/ जाती व्यवस्था पर प्रहार
(c) land revenue settlement of United States/ संयुक्त राज्य की भू-राजस्व व्यवस्था
(d) ryotwari settlement of Madras/ मद्रास की रैयतवाड़ी व्यवस्था
Lord Cornwallis introduced a new revenue system under the Permanent Settlement of Bengal in 1793 with a view to stabilize land revenue and create a loyal contented class of Zamindars. This abolished periodic auction of Zamindari rights and established permanent Zamindari rights to collect land revenue from the tenants and payment of a fixed amount to the Government treasury every year.
Q10. Under which article, President of India can proclaim financial emergency?
किस अनुच्छेद के अंतर्गत,भारत के राष्ट्रपति द्वारा वित्तीय आपातकाल लागू किया जा सकता है?
Under article 360 of the constitution, President can proclaim a financial emergency when the financial stability or credit of the nation or of any part of its territory is threatened.
Such an emergency must be approved by the Parliament within two months by simple majority. It has never been declared.A state of financial emergency remains in force indefinitely until revoked by the President.
The President can reduce the salaries of all government officials, including judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts, in cases of a financial emergency. All money bills passed by the State legislatures are submitted to the President for approval. He can direct the state to observe certain principles (economy measures) relating to financial matters.
The founding president of Ghadar Party was Sohan Singh Bhakna and Lala Hardayal was the co-founder of this party.
It was after 1910, when the activities of India House had declined and the cradle of activities shifted from Europe to America. Lala Hardayal was In India till 1909, when he moved to Paris and associated himself with a newspaper Vande Mataram over there.
In 1911 he settled in San Francisco and indulged in Industrial Unionism. In 1912, when Basant Kumar Biswas threw Bomb on Lord Hardinge, he was in America and was very much impressed with this.
1913, Pacific Coast Hindustan Association was founded by Lala Hardayal with Sohan Singh Bhakna as its president, which was called Ghadar Party.
Q12. In which year (in AD) was the East India Company established?
ईस्ट इंडिया कंपनी का गठन किस वर्ष (ईसवी में) में हुआ था?
The East India Company evolved from a small enterprise run by a group of City of London merchants, which in 1600 had been granted a royal charter conferring the monopoly of English trade in the whole of Asia and the Pacific.