Hickey’s Bengal Gazette was an English newspaper published from Kolkata (then Calcutta), India. It was the first major newspaper in India, started in 1780. It was published for two years. Founded by James Augustus Hicky, a highly eccentric Irishman who had previously spent two years in Jail for debt.
Q1882. The Ahmedabad Satyagraha of Gandhi was directed against
(a) British mill owners and government officials
(b) Indian mill owners and non government officials
Nahan is a town in Himachal Pradesh in India and is the headquarters of the Sirmaur District. It is also the location of the Indian Army Special Forces Training School. It was the capital of the former Sirmur princely state.
Q1884.Correlate the UNSECO enlisted heritage sites/ monuments and their locations : Site/Monument
Nalanda University was a great centre of learning, especially in Buddhism. The Nava Nalanda Mahavihara (New Nalanda Mahavihara), a modern centre for pali and Buddhism in the spirit of the ancient institution, was founded by the Government of Bihar near Nalanda’s ruins. It was deemed to be a university in 2006.
Q1887. ‘Lakh Baksh’ was a title given to the ruler
He built the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque in Delhi and the Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra in Ajmer. He started the construction of Qutb Minar in memory of sufi saint Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, which was completed by his successor, Iltutmish.
Q1888. The Rathas of Mahabalip- uram was built during the reign of the
The city of Mahabalipuram was largely developed by the Pallava king Narasimhavarman I in the 7th century AD. The mandapa or pavilions and the rathasor shrines shaped as temple chariots are hewn from the granite rock face, while the famed Shore Temple, erected half a century later, is built from dressed stone.
Q1889. Which town/city in India has got a tower (minaar) named after Muhammad Ali Jinnah?
Jinnah Tower is a landmark monument in the city of Guntur in Andhra Pradesh. It is named after the father of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah and is located on Mahatma Gandhi Road of the city as a symbol of peace and harmony.
Q1890. Who is hailed as the “God of Medicine” by the practitioners of Ayurveda?
“Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna Ab Hamaare Dil Mein Hai” is written by Mohammed Iqbal. Sir Muhammad Iqbal, widely known as Allama Iqbal, was a poet, philosopher, and politician, as well as an academic, barrister and scholar in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement.
Chandigarh, the dream city of India’s first Prime Minister, Sh. Jawahar Lal Nehru, was planned by the famous French architect Le Corbusier. Picturesquely located at the foothills of Shivaliks, it is known as one of the best experiments in urban planning and modern architecture in the twentieth century in India.
Q1896. Which dynasty succeeded the Chalukyas in the Western India?
Rashtrakuta was a royal dynasty ruling large parts of the Indian Subcontinent between the sixth and 10th centuries. The earliest known Rashtrakuta inscription is a 7th-century copper plate grant detailing their rule from Manapura, a city in Central or West India.
Q1897. Up to where did Chandragupta Maurya’s empire extend in the north-west?
The Maurya Empire was a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India. The Maurya Empire was one of the largest empires of the world in its time.
Q1898. Which of the following Acts gave representation to the Indians for the first time in legislation ?
The Indian Councils Act 1909 commonly known as the Morley-Minto Reforms (or as the Minto-Morley Reforms), was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that brought about a limited increase in the involvement of Indians in the governance of British India.
Q1899. Prince Ellara conquered Sri Lanka in the second century BC. With which of the following dynasties of Dravida ruler was he associated?
The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India. The earliest datable references to this Tamil dynasty are in inscriptions from the 3rd century BCE left by ashoka, of the maurya empire. As one of the Three Crowned Kings of tamilakam, the dynasty continued to govern over varying territory until the 13th century CE.
Q1900. Harshavardhana organized his religious assembly at
Harshavardhana organized his religious assembly at Prayag. Harsha, also known as Harshavardhana, was an Indian emperor who ruled North India from his capital Kannauj. He belonged to Pushyabhuti dynasty.
Q1901. Which of the following is nirvana place of the Buddha?
Kusinagar or Kusinara is a town and a nagar panchayat in Kushinagar district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is an important Buddhist pilgrimage site, where Gautama Buddha have attained Parinirvana after his death.
Q1902. Punjab was annexed to the British empire during the reign of Governor-General
Dalhousie Town was named after Lord Dalhousie, who was the British Governor-General in India while establishing this place as a summer retreat. Punjab was annexed to the British empire during the reign of Governor-General Lord Dalhousie.
Q1903. Which of the following domesticated animals was absent in the terra cottas of the Indus civilization?
The Vedas, or “Books of Knowledge,” are the foremost sacred texts in Hinduism. These books, written from around 1200 BCE to 100 CE, began with four vedas, or mantras: Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda. These expanded over time to include Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Upanishads.
Q1905. The greatest development in the Kushana period was in the field of
Gupta I, king of India and founder of the imperial Gupta dynasty. He was the grandson of Sri Gupta, the first known ruler of the Gupta line. Chandra Gupta I, whose early life is unknown, became a local chief in the kingdom of Magadha (parts of modern Bihar state).
Q1909. Who from the following leaders was not assassinated?
Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah served as leader of the All-India Muslim League until Pakistan’s creation on 14 August 1947, and then as Pakistan’s first Governor-General until his death.
The creation of the Khalsa initiated by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru. Although the early Mughal emperors had peaceful relations with the Sikh Gurus, the Sikhs started facing religious persecution during the reign of Jahangir.
Q1911. The film Mangle Pandey released in August 2005 deals with
(a) Jallianwala Bagh tragedy
(b) Netaji Subash Bose’s fight against British occupation of India
The Third Buddhist council was convened in about 250 BCE at Asokarama in Pataliputra, supposedly under the patronage of Emperor ashoka. This is however disputed, as mention of the council never appears in the edicts of ashoka.
Birth of the philosopher Aristotle, tutor to Alexander the Great, in Stagira (Greece). Aristotle begins studies in Athens at Plato’s Academy. Aristotle leaves Athens after Plato’s death to pursue his own line of inquiry. King Philip II of Macedon summons Aristotle to tutor his young son Alexander (later ‘The Great’).
Q1915. Place chronologically the following treaties:
The Noble Eightfold Path is an early summary of the path of Buddhist practices leading to liberation from samsara, the painful cycle of rebirth. The first step on the Eightfold Path is to have right understanding, or right views. The second is right aspiration, right thought, or right resolve. Third is right speech. Fourth is right action, or right conduct. Fifth is right livelihood. Sixth is right effort. Seventh is right mindfulness, and eighth is right concentration, or right absorption.
Q1919. When is the Independence Day of Pakistan celebrated?
Zero was invented independently by the Babylonians, Mayans and Indians (although some researchers say the Indian number system was influenced by the Babylonians). The Babylonians got their number system from the Sumerians, the first people in the world to develop a counting system.