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How to write an effective essay?

How to write an effective essay?

Pen is mightier than the sword.

An essay is a short piece of writing which contains information on a particular subject and expresses the writer’s opinion.

Some people may think writing an essay is a piece of cake and consider writing anything in paragraphs as an essay. But a few acknowledge the fact that a lot of planning and understanding goes into successfully writing an essay. Essay is not merely a piece of writing but a broad outlook of the writer towards that particular topic.

It’s important to keep yourself updated on the latest issues of national importance and be a voracious reader to widen your knowledge base. However, it’s a fallacy that using difficult words while writing will fetch you more marks. Here what matters is your skill or ability to present your ideas clearly and trying to establish a connect with the reader.


You just can’t take a pen and paper and start writing. Brainstorming is the first step to start writing on any topic. Use clustering and mind mapping to brainstorm and write the ideas related to the topic somewhere. It can help build connections between various facets of your topic.

Create an outline of the points you are going to build your essay upon. Writing an outline can help to ensure your essay is logical, well organized and flows properly. It will also ensure that you are not deviating from the topic. Adequate and proper use of transition words connects every paragraph together and prevents the essay from sounding disjointed.

A well-organized essay includes a well-defined Introduction, Body and Conclusion.


In the introduction, it’s important to include a hook which will lure a reader in and encourage them to want to read it further. Try to keep it as captivating and interesting as possible.

It is a good idea to start with a quote or an anecdote relevant to the topic. The introduction should give an idea to the reader about what is presented there ahead in the essay for him.


Here, you explain and describe the points jotted down while preparing an outline. Organize and develop the various aspects and points in a logical sequence. Firstly, state the most important points just after the introductory paragraph. Make sure you do not deviate from the topic.

The body should be divided into several paragraphs and the paragraphs should be interwoven together and arranged logically in a coherent manner. While jumping from one paragraph to another, the reader should get a feel of continuity.


The last paragraph should summarise the points presented in the body. It should give a feeling of closure to the reader. It’s very important not to include any new idea in the conclusion. Your conclusion should address the issue and suggest a solution to the problem. Sometimes there is nothing positive to say in the conclusion, but still it’s very important to end your topic on an optimistic note.

Don’t rewrite the same points you have written in the introduction. Your conclusion should be aligned with the introduction but it should not be the same as the introduction.

The concluding paragraph can be a difficult paragraph to write but it’s worth investing some time in. This is the last chance you have to convince the reader with your thoughts and viewpoints.

At last, proof read your essay for clarity, consistency and structure.


Though we have endeavoured to explain the ingredients of an effective essay, but always remember that good writing does not come in a day. Even though your essay might not be good in the beginning, but regular and consistent efforts in writing will make you better prepared to face the real time situation with more confidence.

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