Sher Shah Suri (1486–22 May 1545) was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India, with its capital at Delhi.Sher Khan faced Humayun in the Battle of Chausa and defeated him. Assuming the title Farīd al-Dīn Shēr Shah, he defeated Humayun once again at Kannauj in May 1540 and forced him out of India.
Q2. Around how much percent of earth’s surface is covered with water?
About 71 percent of the Earth’s surface is water-covered, and the oceans hold about 96.5 percent of all Earth’s water. Water also exists in the air as water vapor, in rivers and lakes, in icecaps and glaciers, in the ground as soil moisture and in aquifers.
Q3. Mahatma Gandhi in 1919 decided to launch a nationwide satyagrah against the proposed ________________.
1919 में महात्मा गाँधी ने प्रस्तावित_______के खिलाफ एक राष्ट्रव्यापी सत्याग्रह आंदोलन चलने का फैसला किया |
In 1919 Gandhiji gave a call for a Satyagraha against the Rowlatt Act, passed by the British. The Act restricted the freedom of expression and strengthened police powers. Mahatma Gandhi, Mohammad Ali Jinnah and others strongly opposed this Act. April 6th 1919, was observed as a day opposing the Act.
Q4. _______ determines colour, texture, chemical properties, mineral content and permeability of soil.
______मृदा के रंग, गठन, रासायनिक गुणधर्म, खनिज मात्र और पारगम्यता को निर्धारित करती है |
The formation of soil happens over a very long period of time. There are some factors that aids the process of soil formation. Of those many factors, it is the parent rock of which the soil is made of determines the colour, texture, chemical properties, mineral content and permeability of soil.
Straits of Malacca is a narrow, 550 mi (890 km) stretch of water between the Malay Peninsula and the Indonesian island of Sumatra. It is named after the Malacca sultanate that ruled over the archipelago between 1400 and 1511.
Q7. Who is known as the ‘Father of Indian Unrest’?
The Western Ghats are home to four tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregions – the North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, North Western Ghats montane rain forests, South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, and South Western Ghats montane rain forests.
Q9. Lord Cornwallis is known for _____.
लार्ड कार्नवालिस को ______ के लिए जाना जाता है|
(a) permanent revenue settlement of Bengal/ बंगाल की स्थायी राजस्व व्यवस्था
(b) attacking the caste system/ जाती व्यवस्था पर प्रहार
(c) land revenue settlement of United States/ संयुक्त राज्य की भू-राजस्व व्यवस्था
(d) ryotwari settlement of Madras/ मद्रास की रैयतवाड़ी व्यवस्था
Lord Cornwallis introduced a new revenue system under the Permanent Settlement of Bengal in 1793 with a view to stabilize land revenue and create a loyal contented class of Zamindars. This abolished periodic auction of Zamindari rights and established permanent Zamindari rights to collect land revenue from the tenants and payment of a fixed amount to the Government treasury every year.
Q10. 49th Parallel is the boundary line between which two countries?
49 वी समानांतर रेखा किन दो देशों के मध्य की सीमा रेखा है?
(a) USA and Canada/ संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका तथा कनाडा
(b) North and South Vietnam/ उत्तरी तथा दक्षिणी वियतनाम
This one divides Blaine, Washington from Surrey, British Columbia. The 49th parallel north as a border between the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba (to the north), and the U.S. states of Washington, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota and Minnesota (to the south).