An amendment of the Constitution can be initiated only by the introduction of a Bill in either House of Parliament. The Bill must then be passed in each House by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting.There is no provision for a joint sitting in case of disagreement between the two Houses. The Bill, passed by the required majority, is then presented to the President who shall give his assent to the Bill.
Q2. According to the categories of land mentioned in the Chola inscriptions ___________ was known as the land gifted to temples?
चोल अभिलेखों में उल्लेखित भूमि की विभिन्न कोटियों के अनुसार _____ को मंदिर में उपहार में दी गयी भूमि कहा जाता था|
Land grants to religious institutions were called Brahmadeya, (i.e. donated to Brahmins) Devadana (donated to Gods) and Agrahara (Settlement – of priests) These lands donated to the temples and monasteries apart from being used as normal tenancy also carried a right vested with the temple authorities to call for unpaid labour (called Vishti) as a religious service to the temple from the tillers on the donated land.
The Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of India, was enacted during the Emergency Most provisions of the amendment came into effect on 3 January 1977, others were enforced from 1 February and Section 27 came into force on 1 April 1977.
The 42nd Amendment is regarded as the most controversial constitutional amendment in Indian history. It attempted to reduce the power of the Supreme Court and High Courts to pronounce upon the constitutional validity of laws. It laid down the Fundamental Duties of Indian citizens to the nation. This amendment brought about the most widespread changes to the Constitution in its history, and is sometimes called a “mini-Constitution”.
Brihadeswarar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Thanjavur in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is also known as RajaRajeswara Temple Rajarajeswaram and Peruvudayar Temple.
The Dilwara Temples of India are located about 2½ kilometres from Mount Abu, Rajasthan’s only hill station. These Jain temples were built by Vimal Shah and designed by Vastapul-Tejpal, Jain laymen, between the 11th and 13th centuries AD and are famous for their use of marble and intricate marble carvings.
Lingaraja Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Harihara, a form of Shiva and Vishnu and is one of the oldest temples in Bhubaneswar, the capital of the East Indian state of Odisha.
Hampi , also referred to as the Group of Monuments at Hampi, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in east-central Karnataka, India. Located close to the Andhra Pradesh border and near the modern era city of Hosapete, Hampi was established as the capital of the Hindu Vijayanagara Empire in the 14th-century.
Q6. In which battle was Siraj ud—Daulah defeated by Lord Clive?
क्लाइव ने सिराज उद दौला को किस युद्ध में हराया था?
The Battle of Plassey was a decisive victory of the British East India Company over the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies on 23 June 1757. The battle consolidated the Company’s presence in Bengal, which later expanded to cover much of India over the next hundred years.
Q7. Which of the following does not come under Fundamental Duty?
निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा मौलिक कर्तव्य के अंतर्गत नहीं आता है?
(a) To safeguard public property/ सार्वजनिक संपत्ति की सुरक्षा
(b) To protect and improve the natural environment/ प्राकृतिक पर्यावरण का संरक्षण तथा उसमें सुधार करना
(c) To promote harmony/ सभ्दाव को बढ़ावा देना
(d) To protect freedom of speech and expression/ अभिव्यक्ति की स्वतंत्रता का संरक्षण
Nagananda is a Sanskrit play attributed to king Harsha. Nagananda is among the most acclaimed Sanskrit dramas. Through five acts, it tells the popular story of Jimutavahana’s self-sacrifice to save the Nagas.
Q9. Match the following.
निम्नलिखित का मिलान कीजिए|
Social Reform Movement/ Founder/
धर्म सुधार आंदोलन संस्थापक
1. Arya Samaj a. Raja Ram Mohan Roy
आर्य समाज राजा राममोहन राय
2. Brahmo Samaj b. Dayanand Saraswati
ब्रह्म समाज दयानंद सरस्वती
3. Veda Samaj c. Atmaram Pandurann
वेद समाज आत्माराम पांडुरंग
4. Prathna Samaj d. Keshab Chandra Sen and K. Sridharalu Naidu
प्रार्थना समाज केशवचंद्र सेन तथा के. श्रीधरलु नायडू
The Contingency Fund of India established under Article 267 (1) of the Constitution is in the nature of an imprest (money maintained for a specific purpose) which is placed at the disposal of the President to enable him/her to make advances to meet urgent unforeseen expenditure, pending authorization by the Parliament.
“Warren Hastings (6 December 1732 – 22 August 1818), an English statesman, was the first Governor of the Presidency of Fort William (Bengal), the head of the Supreme Council of Bengal, and thereby the first de facto Governor-General of India from 1772 to 1785.