The Vote on Account is the special provision given to the government to obtain the vote of Parliament to withdraw money when the budget for the new financial year is not released or the elections are underway, and the caretaker government is in place.
A vote on account stays valid for two months but however, it can be extended if the year is an election year and it is anticipated that the main demand and the appropriation bill will take longer to be passed by the house.
Q2. Takshashila University was located between which two rivers?
तक्षशिला विश्वविद्यालय किन दो नदियों के बीच स्थित थी?
Taxila or Takshashila was an ancient city in what is now northwestern Pakistan. … Its ruins lie near modern Taxila, in Punjab, Pakistan, about 35 km (22 mi) northwest of Rawalpindi. Taxila was situated at the pivotal junction of South Asia and Central Asia.
On December 17, 1927, the revolutionaries Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru shot and killed assistant superintendent of police John Saunders. They were supported in this act by their compatriots Sukhdev Thapar and Chandrashekhar Azad.
Q6. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the leader of _______.
The Bardoli Satyagraha of 1928, in the state of Gujarat, India during the period of the British Raj, was a major episode of civil disobedience and revolt in the Indian Independence Movement. The movement was eventually led by Vallabhbhai Patel, and its success gave rise to Patel becoming one of the main leaders of the independence movement.
Q7. Which of the following provision needs a special majority in Parliament?
निम्नलिखित में से कौन से प्रावधान के लिए संसद में विशेष बहुमत की आवश्यकता पड़ती है?
(a) Change in Fundamental Rights/ मौलिक अधिकारों में परिवर्तन
(b) Creation of New States/ नये राज्यों का गठन
(c) Abolition of Legislative Councils in State/ राज्य में विधान परिषद का उन्मूलन
(d) Rules and Procedures in Parliament/ संसद में नियम व प्रक्रिया
Changes to the fundamental rights require a constitutional amendment, which has to be passed by a special majority of both houses of Parliament. This means that an amendment requires the approval of two-thirds of the members present and voting. However, the number of members voting should not be less than the simple majority of the house – whether the Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha.
Q8. Which act ended the “Trade Monopoly” of the East India Company?
किस अधिनियम ने ईस्ट इंडिया कंपनी के ”व्यापारिक एकाधिकार” को समाप्त कर दिया था?
(a) Regulating Act of 1773/ 1773 का विनियमन अधिनियम
(b) Pitt’s India Act of 1784/ 1784 का पिट्स इंडिया अधिनियम
(c) The Charter Act of 1833/ 1833 का चार्टर अधिनियम
(d) The Charter Act of 1813/ 1813 का चार्टर अधिनियम
Charter act of 1813 ended the monopoly of the East India Company in India, however the company’s monopoly in trade with china and trade in tea with India was kept intact. Thus, trade with India for all commodities except Tea was thrown open to all British subjects. This lasted till 1833 when the next charter abolished the trade of the company.
Article 32 – Article 32 of the Indian Constitution enshrines this provision whereby individuals may seek redressal for the violation of their fundamental rights.
Article 349 – Special procedure for enactment of certain laws relating to language
Article 360 – Article 360 of Constitution of India deals with Provisions as to financial emergency.
Article 365 – Article 365 says that where any State has failed to comply with, or to give effect to, any directions given in the exercise of the executive power of the Union under any of the provisions of this Constitution, it shall be lawful for the President to hold that a situation has arisen in which the Government of the State cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.
Q11. The Poona Pact was signed between Mahatma Gandhi and __________.
The Bengal Sati Regulation which banned the Sati practice in all jurisdictions of British India was passed on December 4, 1829 by the then Governor-General Lord William Bentinck. The regulation described the practice of Sati as revolting to the feelings of human nature.