Franchising is a way to do business. Successful brands like Bata gives franchisee. The franchisor licenses the franchisee, for a payment, the right to use a trademark or patent along with the right to distribute products or services on an exclusive or semi-exclusive basis.
Article 80 of the Constitution lays down the maximum strength of Rajya Sabha as 250, out of which 12 members are nominated by the President and 238 are representatives of the States and of the two Union Territories. At present there are 245 MPs as UTs don’t have the population which can be allotted all the seats.
Q3. If the President of India wants to resign, he has to address the letter of resignation to the
(यदि भारत के राष्ट्रपति त्यागपत्र देना चाहें तो उन्हें यह त्यागपत्र किसको संबोदित करना होगा ?)
(a) Chief Justice of India/ भारत का मुख्य न्यायधीश
According to Article 56 of the Indian Constitution, the President may, by writing under his hand addressed to the Vice-President, resign his office. The same article also states that the President holds office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office. President shall tender his resignation via Loksabha speaker.
Q4. The playing time (in seconds) of the full version of Indian national Anthem is
(भारतीय राष्ट्र गान के पूरे पाठांतर को बजाने में लगने वाला समय कितना है)
The Tomb of Jahangir is located in Shahadra Bagh in Lahore, Pakistan. The tomb, along with the adjacent Akbari Sarai and the tomb of Asif Khan, is on the tentative list as a UNESCO World heritage Site.
The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) was established in the year 1988 and given statutory powers on 12 April 1992 through the SEBI Act, 1992. It is the regulator for the securities market in India. IRDA is for insurance and RBI is for Banking.
Q9. In a free enterprise economy, resource allocation is determined by
(एक मुक्त उधम अर्थवयवस्था में संसाधन विभाजन का निर्धारण किसके द्वारा किया जाता है )
(a) The pattern of consumers’ spending/ उपभोक्ता के व्यय करने के नमूने
(b) The wealth of the entrepreneurs/ उधमियों की सम्पत्ति
(c) Decision of the Government / सरकार का निर्णय
(d) The traditional employment of factors/ घटकों का पारम्परिक नियोजन
In a free market economy, resources are allocated through the interaction of free and self-directed market forces. This means that what to produce is determined by consumers’ capacity to spend. How to produce is determined by producers, and who gets the products depends upon the purchasing power of consumers.
Q10. Rashtriya Krishi Bima yojana was introduced in
(राष्टीय कृषि बीमा योजना किस वर्ष में प्रारम्भ की गई थी )
The Rashitriya Krishi Bima Yojna was introduced in 1999. The scheme provides comprehensive risks insurance against yield losses viz. Drought, hailstorm, Floods, Pests Disease etc. It is implemented by the Agriculture Insurance Corporation of India (AIC).
Q11. Buyers and Sellers will have perfect knowledge of market conditions under
(किसके अंतरगत खरीदारों और विक्रेताओं दो बाजार स्थितियों की सम्पूर्ण जानकारी होगी )
(a) Duopoly/ द्वयाधिकार
(b) Perfect competition/पूर्ण प्रतियोगिता
(c) Monopolistic competition/ एकाधिकारी प्रतियोगिता
Complete market information is one of the main features of perfect Competition. This condition implies close contact between buyers and sellers. Both of them possess complete knowledge about the prices t which goods are being bought and sold, and the prices at which others are prepared to buy or sell.
Q12. Who acts as the channel of communication between the President and the council Minister?
(राष्ट्रपति और मंत्री परिषद के बीच संचारण माध्यम के रूप में कौन काम करता है ?)
The Prime Minister is the chief channel of communication between the President and the Council of Ministers and keeps the former informed about all the decisions of the council. Article 74 of the Constitution lays down that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advice the president.
In 2009, Australia was the top producer of bauxite with almost one-third of the world’s production, followed by China, Brazil, India, and Guinea. In November 2010, Nguyen Tan Dung, the Prime Minister of Vietnam, announced that Vietnam’s bauxite reserves might total 11000 Mt; this would be the largest in the world.
Q14. The two richest Eco-zones of India are
(भारत के दो सबसे अधिक समृद्ध पारिस्थितिक कटिबन्ध है)
(a) The Himalayas and Vindhyas/ हिमालय और विंध्या
(b) The Himalayas and Eastern Ghats/ हिमालय पर्वत और पूर्वी घाट
(c) The Himalayas and Western Ghats/ हिमालय पर्वत और पश्चिमी घाट
(d) The Himalayas and Aravallis/ हिमालय पर्वत और अरावली
The Himalayas and, the Western Ghats are known for rich biodiversity they support. Several species of epidemic plant and animal are found in these zones. After Africa, Indian peninsula has the richest diversity of life forms on the face of the Earth.
Q15. At the time of independence, predominantly India practiced
( स्वतंत्रता के समय भारत में मुख्य रूप में किस प्रकार की खेती के जाती थी )
At the time of independence, Indian farmers practiced subsistence agriculture, only producing enough to feed themselves. Since India’s independence, food and cash crop supply has greatly improved with the initiation of the Green Revolution in the 1960s.
Q16. Species which has restricted distribution is called
(उस स्पीशीज़ को क्या कहते है जिसका प्रतिबंधित वितरण होता है ?)
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type. Species found in such restricted geographical area are called endemic species.
2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid is a s a wide range selective weedicide which controls broad leaf type (DICOT)weeds in paddy fields, tea plantations, sugarcane fields, fruit orchards etc., It is one of the most widely used herbicides in the world.
Q18. Widal test is used for the diagnosis of
(विडाल टेस्ट (परीक्षण ) किसके निदान के लिए पर्युक्त किया जाता है ?)
The Charter Act f 1813 was an Act of the British Parliament which renewed the charter of the British East India Company, and continued the Company’s rule in India. However, the Company’s commercial monopoly rights over trade with India were ended, except for the tea trade with China.
Q20. The declaration of the Rights of Man is related with
(मनुष्यो के अधिकार का घोषणा पत्र किससे सम्बंधित है )
(a) The Russian Revolution/ रुसी क्रांति
(b) The French Revolution/ फ़्रांसिसी क्रांति
(c) The American War of independence/ अमरीका का स्वाधीनता संग्राम
(d) The Glorious Revolution of England/ इंग्लैंड की यशस्वी क्रांति
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, passed by France’s National Constituent Assembly in August 1789, is a fundamental document of the French Revolution. It defines the individual and collective rights of all the estates of the realm as universal.
Q21. The policy of imperial preferences’ adopted by Britain in its colonies in 1932 is also known as the
(ब्रिटेन द्वारा अपने उपनिवेशों में वर्ष 1932 में अपनाई गई सम्राजयक अधिमान्यताओ ‘ की नीति को यह भी कहा जाता है)
The British Empire Economic Conference (Ottawa Conference) was a 1932 conference of British colonies and the autonomous dominions held to discuss the Great Depression. The meeting worked to establish a zone of limited tariffs within the British Empire, but with high tariffs with the rest of the world. This was called “Imperial preference.”
Q22. The planet which has the highest surface temperature is
(वह ग्रह कौन -सा है जिसका पृष्ठीय ताप सर्वोच्च है )
The reversal of the normal behaviour of temperature in the troposhphere in which a layer of cool air at the surface is overlain by a layer of warmer air is known as temperature inversion. Inversions play an important role in determining cloud forms, precipitation, and visibility.
Q24. In a conductor
(एक चालक में)
(a) There is no conduction band/ कोई चालन बैंड नहीं होता
(b) The forbidden energy gap is very wide/ वर्जित ऊर्जा अंतराल बहुत विस्तृत होता हैं
(c) The forbidden energy gap is very narrow/ वर्जित ऊर्जा अंतराल बहुत संकुचित होता है
(d) The valence band and the conduction band overlap each other
/ संयोजकता बैंड और चालन बैंड एक – दूसरे पर अतिव्याप्ति करतें हैं
In the case of a conductor, there is no forbidden energy gap. The conduction and valence energy bands overlap each other. Obviously, the electrons from the valence band can freely enter the conduction energy band.
Q25. Which one of the following converts assembly language into machine language?
(निम्नलिखित में से कौन-सा असेम्बली भाषा को मशीन भाषा में परिवर्तित करता हैं )
The kilobyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information. It refers to either 1024 (210) bytes or 1000 (103) bytes, dependent upon context, in the fields of computer science and information technology.
Q27. Which one of the following elements exhibits the greatest tendency to lose electrons?
(निम्नलिखित तत्वों मैं से कौन – सा तत्व इलेक्ट्रॉनों की हानि उठाने की सबसे अधिक प्रवृति दर्शाता हैं?)
Alkali metals such as Lithium are the most electropositive elements in the periodic table. As alkali metals have low ionization energies, they have a great tendency to lose electrons forming uni-positive ions.
Q28. Poison used for killing rats is
(चूहों को मारने के लिए प्रयुक्त किया जाने वाला विष हैं)
Zinc phosphide is an inorganic compound that is used in pesticide products as a rodenticide. Formulated as attractive bait, it releases phosphine gas once it is exposed to acid and moisture in the stomach. The phosphine gas is very toxic to all animals.
Q29. Antacid tablets consist of
(प्रति-अम्ल (एंटासिड ) टिकियों में यह समाविष्ट होता हैं)
(a) Hydroxides of sodium, magnesium and aluminium/ सोडियम, मैग्नीशियम और एलुमिनियम के हाइड्रोक्साइड
(b) Hydroxides of magnesium and aluminium/ मैग्नीशियम और एलुमिनियम के हाइड्रोक्साइड
(c) Hydroxides of sodium and aluminum/ सोडियम और एलुमिनियम के हाइड्रोक्साइड
(d) Hydroxides of magnesium and sodium/ मैग्नीशियम और सोडियम के हाइड्रोक्साइड
As antacid is a base which neutralized stomach acidity. The most common of these bases are hydroxides, carbonates, or bicarbonates such as Aluminum hydroxide, Calcium carbonate, Magnesium carbonate,Magnesium hydroxide, and Sodium bicarbonate.
Q30. The element absorbed both in cation and anion form is
Anaerobic reactions break down glucose into pyruvic acid, which then reacts to produce lactic acid. As muscle metabolism shifts from aerobic to anaerobic ATP production, lactic acid begins to accumulate in muscles and to appear in the bloodstream. This leads to muscle fatigue.
Frame shift mutations are associated with Thalassemia. They involve a deletion or insertion of one or two base pairs within a coding sequence of a gene. As the coding message is read in triplets codons and deletions,the reading frame of mRNA is altered resulting in a nonsense sequence of amino acids.
Eutrophication is the ecosystem response to the addition of artificial or natural substances, such as nitrates and phosphates, through fertilizers or sewage. It leads not only to increased levels of nutrients, but increased Biological Oxygen Demand as well.
Q34. The moment of inertia of a body does not depend upon its
(किसी वस्तु का जड़त्व आघूर्ण इस पर निर्भर नहीं करता)
Moment of inertia is the mass property of a rigid body that determines the torpue needed for a desired angular acceleration about an axis of rotation. Moment of inertia depends on the shape of the body and the amount and distribution of its mass. It can be found through the sum of moments of inertia of the masses making up the whole object. Under the same conditions.
Q35. To open a door easily, the handle should be fixed
(किसी दरवाजे को आसानी से खोलने के लिए उसका हैंडल कहाँ लगाया जाना चाहिए ?)
(a) near the hinges/कब्जों के पास
(b) away from mid-point opposite to hinges/ मध्य-बिन्दु से दूर कब्जों के सामने
Since Torque = force x distance, to open a door easily, the handle should be fixed at the greatest distance from the hinges. If we pull with same force on a handle that is a 2 feet away from the hinges, we will provide twice the torque, so it will be twice as easy to open.
Q36. Nucleons are regarded as composites sub-particles known as
In quantum chromodynamics, nucleons are regarded as composites of three quarks (elementary particles) and pions are composites of two quarks. According to EOB’s rules, nucleons move as fermions while pions move as bosons.
Q37. The name of the common currency launched by members of the European Union is
(यूरोपीय संध के सदस्यों द्वारा प्रारम्भ की गई सामान्य करेंसी (मुद्रा ) का क्या नाम हैं )
The euro is the official currency of the euro zone, which consists of 18 of the 28 member states of the European Union. It is the second largest reserve currency as well as the second most traded currency in the world after the United. States dollar.
Q38. National Science day in India is celebrated on
(भारत में राष्ट्र्रीय विज्ञान दिवस किस तिथि को मनाया जाता हैं?)
National Science Day is celebrated in India on 28 February each year to mark the discovery of the Raman effect by Indian physicist Sir Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman on 28 February 1928. For his discovery, Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.
Q39. Red Data Book contains
(रेड डाटा पुस्तक किससे सम्बंधित जानकारी रखती हैं )
(a) Red pandas/ रेड पांडा
(b) Rare plants and animals under threat/ ऐसे दुर्लभ पादप और प्राणी जिनको खतरे की आशंका है
The Red Data Book documents rare and endangered species of animals, plants and fungi as well as some local subspecies that exist within the territory of the state or country. Species are classified into different categories of perceived risk.
Q40. Which of the following is India’s highest honour in the field of literature?
(निम्नलिखित में से साहित्य के क्षेत्र में भारत का सर्वोच्च सम्मान कौन- सा हैं )
The Jnanpith Award is India’s highest honour in the field of literature. Along with the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship, it is one of the two most prestigious literary honours in the country. The award was instituted in 1961.