Classical-Folk Dances of India For SSC CGL Exams

Classical-Folk Dances of India For SSC CGL Exams

Classical dances

1 Bharata Natyam   It is a classical dance form originating in Tamil Nadu.

In ancient times it was performed by Devdasis.

Bharatanatyam is popularly called poetry in Motion.

2 Kathak : It is a North Indian Classical dance form.

The work of the Maharaj Family of dancers
(Acchan Maharaj,

Shambu Maharaj,Lachhu Maharaj and Birju Maharaj) helped

in spreading the popularity of Kathak.

3 Kathakali : This dance form is from Kerala.

Kathakali, the story is enacted purely by the movements of the

hands and by facial expressions and bodily movements.

4 Kuchipudi is the classical form of Andhra Pradesh.

The dance is accompanied by song which is typically carnatic music.

The technique of Kuchipudi makes use of fast rhythmic footwork and

sculpuresque body movements.

5 Manipuri dance is a classical dance from Manipur.

The dancers feet never strike the ground hard.

Movements of the body and feet and facial expressions in Manipuri

dance are suitable and aim at devotion and grace.

6 Mohiniyattam is a dance form from Kerala.

It is considered a very graceful dance meant to be performed as solo

recital by women.

7 Odissi Classical dance form of Odisha (Orissa).

Odissi is the oldest classical dance rooted in rituals and tradition.

It is particularly distinguished from other classical Indian dance forms by the

importance it places upon the independent movement of head, chest and


8 Sattriya is a classical dance form from Assam.

It was recognized as a classical dance by Sangeet Natak Academi on

November 15, 2000.

Sattriya Nritya was usually performed in the Sattras (Assam monasteries) in a

highly ritialistic manner by male dancers

Classical Dance/Exponents

Bharata Natyam / Rujkmini Devi Arundale ,Mrinalini Sarabhai, Vaijayantimala Bali, Leela Samson.

Kuchipudi  / Raja Reddy, Radha Reddy

Kathakali  / Mukunda Raja (of Kalmandalam fame)

Manipuri  / Jhaveri Sisters

Kathak   /  Birju Maharaj , Sitara Devi, Sambhu Maharaj , Shovna Narayan

Classical-Folk Dances of India For SSC CGL Exams



Paika………………………………….. Orissa

Thag Ta………………………………Manipur



Pang Lhabosol……………………..Sikkim




A.  Bihu :The Bihu dance is a folk dance from the Indian State of Assam related to   the festival of Bihu.

B. Bhangra is a folk dance conducted by Punjab Sikh farmers to celebrate the coming of the harvest season.

C. Garba is a dance form that originated in the Gujarat region. Traditionally it is  performed during the nine-day Hindu festival Navaratri.

D. Jhoomar is a folk dance performed during the harvest season in Punjab. 

E. Gidha is a popular folk dance of women in Punjab. Normally, no musical instruments are accompanied with gidha, except sometimes a dholak.

F. Ghoomar is a traditional women’s folk dance of Rajasthan. It is performed by  groups of women in swirling robes.

G. Kummi is the folk dance popular in Tamil Nadu. This is performed by women.

H. Changu dance is a popular dance form from Orissa. It derives its name from a kind of drum called Changu, which invariably accompanies the dance. The dance is performed only by women.

I. Therukoothu is a widely popular folk dance of Tamil Nadu.

J. Raas or Dandiya Raas is the traditional dance form of Gujarat, India where it is   performed depicting scenes of Holi and lila of Krishna and Radha. It is performed during Navaratri evenings.

K. Chhau dance is popular in Orissa, Jharkhand and West Bengal.

L. Yakshagana is a musical dance drama popular in Karnataka. A performance usually depicts a story from the Indian epics and puranas.

M. Bamboo dance is tribal dance of Nagaland. This dance form is exclusively performed by girls.


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