Essay-Citizenship Amendment Act SSC CGL Tier 3 I SSC CHSL Tier 2
Citizenship Amendment Act is an act that was passed by the Indian Parliament on 11th December 2019. This act grants citizenship to certain minority groups such as Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs, Jains, Hindus, and Parsis from Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh who have faced persecution in their own respective countries. It amended the Citizenship Act 1955.
Under this act, migrants who had entered India by 31st December 2014, and had suffered religious persecution or fear of religious persecution in their country of origin were made eligible for citizenship. The amendment also relaxed the residence requirement for the naturalisation of these migrants from twelve years to six.
This act faced severe backlash in the North-Eastern states such as Assam as they fear that it will Hamper their cultural and political environment and might make them a minority in their own state. It also faced criticism for the omission of Muslim religion from the Act