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Archive for the ‘Art & Culture’ Category

Art and Culture of India | GK Questions for SSC CGL Tier 1 Exam

Art and Culture of India | GK Questions for SSC CGL Tier 1 Exam

Art and Culture of India
Q1. Match the following

निम्नलिखित का मिलान कीजिये|

(a)1-a, 2-d, 3-b, 4-c

(b)1-b, 2-c, 3-a, 4-d

(c)1-c, 2-a, 3-b, 4-d

(d)1-c, 2-b, 3-a, 4-d

Q2. Rukmini Devi Arundale was a reputed dancer and choreographer in which form of dancing?

रुक्मिणी देवी अरुंदेल नृत्य के किस रूप में एक प्रतिष्ठित नृतक और कोरियोग्राफर थीं?

(a)Opera / ओपेरा

(b)Lavani / लावणी

(c)Bharatnatyam / भरतनाट्यम

(d)Dandiya / डांडिया

Q3. ‘Lavani’ is a dance form of which state in India?

“लावणी” लोकनृत्य भारत के किस राज्य से सम्बंधित है?

(a)Maharashtra / महाराष्ट्र

(b)Gujarat / गुजरात

(c)Madhya Pradesh / आंध्र प्रदेश

(d)Andhra Pradesh / मध्य प्रदेश

Q4. Match the following

निम्नलिखित का मिलन कीजिये |

(a)1-b, 2-c, 3-a

(b)1-c, 2-a, 3-b

(c)1-b, 2-a, 3-c

(d)1-a, 2-c, 3-b

Q5. Which of the following pair is incorrect?

निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा जोड़ा सही नहीं है?

(a)Muthuswami Dikshitar – ­Carnatic Music/मुत्तुस्वामी दीक्षित – कर्णाटक संगीत

(b)Parveen Sultana – Singer/परवीन सुल्ताना – गायिका

(c)M.S. Gopalakrishnan – Violinist/एम.एस. गोपालकृष्णन – वायलिनवादक

(d)Nandlal Bose – Flute/नन्दलाल बोस – बांसुरी

Q6. Match the following.

निम्नलिखित का मिलन कीजिए |

(a)1-b, 2-a, 3-c

(b)1-c, 2-b, 3-a

(c)1-c, 2-a, 3-b

(d)1-a, 2-c, 3-b

Q7. Madhuri Dixit is associated with which Indian Dance form?

माधुरी दीक्षित किस भारतीय नृत्यकला से संबंधित है?

(a) Bharatnatyam/  भरतनाट्यम

(b)  Kuchipudi/  कुचिपुड़ी

(c)  Kathak/  कथक

(d)  Kathakali/  कथकली

Q8. Match the following.

निम्नलिखित का मिलान कीजिये |

(a) 1-c, 2-a, 3-b, 4-d

(b) 1-b, 2-a, 3-d, 4-c

(c) 1-d, 2-c, 3-b, 4-a

(d) 1-b, 2-c, 3-a, 4-d

Q9. Who amongst the following is a renowned Indian classical dancer?

निम्नलिखित में से कौन एक प्रसिद्ध भारतीय शास्त्रीय नृत्यांगना है?

(a) Palghat Mani Iyer / पलघट मनी अय्यर

(b) Madhumati / मधुमती

(c) Sonal Mansingh / सोनल मानिसंह

(d) Siddheshwari Devi / सिद्धेश्वरी देवी

Q10. Who was awarded the 2017 Padma Bhushan Award in the field of Art-Music?

कला-संगीत के क्षेत्र में 2017 का पद्म भूषण पुरस्कार किसे दिया गया था?

(a) Devi Prasad Dwivedi/  देवी प्रसाद द्विवेदी

(b)  Anuradha Paudwal/  अनरुाधा पौडवाल

(c)  Vishwa Mohan Bhatt/  विश्वा मोहन भट्ट

(d)  K. J. Yesudas/  के. जे. येसदुास

 

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Art and Culture of India : Languages, Dances, Music etc.

Economics questions for SSC CGL Tier 1 Exam

 

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General Awareness Section Art and Culture | SSC CGL Exam Tier 1 2018

General Awareness Section Art and Culture | SSC CGL Exam Tier 1 2018

Q1. Who amongst the following is a renowned Indian classical dancer?

निम्नलिखित में से कौन एक प्रसिद्ध भारतीय शास्त्रीय नृत्यांगना है?

(a) Palghat Mani Iyer / पलघट मनी अय्यर

(b) Madhumati / मधुमती

(c) Sonal Mansingh / सोनल मानिसंह

(d) Siddheshwari Devi / सिद्धेश्वरी देवी

Q2. Jallikattu practiced in Tamil Nadu is a part of which festival?

तमिनलाडु में जल्लीकट्टू किस त्यौहार का एक हिस्सा है?

(a) Onam / ओनम

(b) Pongal / पोंगल

(c) Natuanjali / नतुनजली

(d) Hampi / हम्पी

Q3. Who amidst the following is a distinguished painter?

निम्नलिखित में से कौन एक विशिष्ट चित्रकार है?

(a) Uday Shankar / उदय शंकर

(b) Sonal Mansingh / सोनल मानिसंह

(c) Amrita Shergill / अमृता शेरिगल

(d) Yamini Kirshnamurthy / यामिनी कृष्णमूर्ति

Q4. Which Indian state hosted the 3 days long ‘International Yoga Fest’ held from 8th to 10th March, 2017?

किस भारतीय राज्य ने 8 से 10 मार्च,2017 तक तीन दिवसीय ‘अंतर्राष्ट्रीय योग महोत्स्व’की मेज़बानी की थी?

(a) Uttar Pradesh / उत्तर प्रदेश

(b) Madhya Pradesh / मध्य प्रदेश

(c) Maharashtra / महाराष्ट्र

(d) Delhi / दिल्ली

Q5. Who was awarded the 2017 Padma Bhushan Award in the field of Art-Music?

कला-संगीत के क्षेत्र में 2017 का पद्म भूषण पुरस्कार किसे दिया गया था?

(a)  Devi Prasad Dwivedi/  देवी प्रसाद द्विवेदी

(b)  Anuradha Paudwal/  अनरुाधा पौडवाल

(c)  Vishwa Mohan Bhatt/  विश्वा मोहन भट्ट

(d)  K. J. Yesudas/  के. जे. येसदुास

General Awareness
Q6. Match the following

निम्नलिखित का मिलान कीजिये|

(a)1-a, 2-d, 3-b, 4-c

(b)1-b, 2-c, 3-a, 4-d

(c)1-c, 2-a, 3-b, 4-d

(d)1-c, 2-b, 3-a, 4-d

Q7. Who won the 2017 Pulitzer Prize for Drama ‘Sweat’?

नाटक ‘स्वेट’ के लिए 2017 पुलित्ज़र पुरस्कार किसने जीता था?

(a)Lynn Nottage/लिन नॉटेज

(b)Hisham Matar/हिशाम मातर

(c)Heather Ann Thompson/हीदर एन थॉम्पसन

(d)Colson Whitehead/कोलसन व्हिटहेड

Q8. Who is being awarded with Asian Award 2016 as the Chivas Social entrepreneur of the year?

______ को चिवास सामाजिक व्यवसाय के लिए एशियाई पुरुस्कार 2016 से सम्मानित किया गया है |

(a)Vikram Patel/विक्रम पटेल

(b)Shri Prakash Lohia/श्री प्रकाश लोहिआ

(c)Rami Ranger/रामी रेंजर

(d)Anil Agarwal/अनिल अग्रवाल

Q9. Match the following

निम्नलिखित का मिलन कीजिये |

[a]1-b, 2-c, 3-a

(b)1-c, 2-a, 3-b

(c)1-b, 2-a, 3-c

(d)1-a, 2-c, 3-b

Q10. Who among the following was awarded with Padma Shri 2017 in the field of ‘Culinary’?

निम्नलिखित में से किसे ‘पाकशाला संबधी’ क्षेत्र में 2017 के पद्म श्री पुरस्कार से सम्मानित किया गया है?

(a)Sanjeev Kapoor/संजीव कपूर

(b)Vikas Khanna/विकास खन्ना

(c)Ranveer Brar/राजीव बराड़

(d)Kunal Kapur/कुणाल कपूर

General Awareness
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SSC CGL CHSL GK Topic Art and Culture MCQs | Previous Year Paper 2018

SSC CGL CHSL GK Topic Art and Culture MCQs | Previous Year Paper 2018

Q1. Match the following (Arjuna Award 2016).

निम्नलिखित का मिलान कीजिए (अर्जुन पुरुस्कार 2016) |

(a) 1-b, 2-a, 3-c

(b)1-c, 2-a, 3-b

(c)1-b, 2-c, 3-a

(d)1-c, 2-b, 3-a

Q2. Match the following.

निम्नलिखित का मिलान कीजिए |

(a) 1-c, 2-b, 3-a

(b)1-a, 2-b, 3-c

(c)1-a, 2-c, 3-b

(d)1-c, 2-a, 3-b

Q3. Dandia is a form of dance associated with which of the following state?

डांडिया लोक नृत्य निम्नलिखित में से किस राज्य से सम्बंधित है?

(a)Harayana / हरियाणा

(b)Punjab / पंजाब

(c)Gujarat / गुजरात

(d)Rajasthan / राजस्थान

Q4. Match the following :

निम्नलिखित का मिलन कीजिए |

(a)1-a, 2-b, 3-c

(b)1-b, 2-a, 3-c

(c)1-b, 2-c, 3-a

(d)1-a, 2-c, 3-b

Q5. Match the following

निम्लिखित का मिलान कीजिए |

(a)1-b, 2-c, 3-a

(b)1-c, 2-a, 3-b

(c)1-a, 2-c, 3-b

(d)1-b, 2-a, 3-c

SSC CGL CHSL GK
Q6. Match the following.

निम्नलिखित का मिलन कीजिए |

(a)1-b, 2-a, 3-c

(b)1-c, 2-b, 3-a

(c)1-c, 2-a, 3-b

(d)1-a, 2-c, 3-b

Q7. Madhuri Dixit is associated with which Indian Dance form?

माधुरी दीक्षित किस भारतीय नृत्यकला से संबंधित है?

(a)  Bharatnatyam/  भरतनाट्यम

(b)  Kuchipudi/  कुचिपुड़ी

(c)  Kathak/  कथक

(d)  Kathakali/  कथकली

Q8. Match the following.

निम्नलिखित का मिलान कीजिये |

(a) 1-c, 2-a, 3-b, 4-d

(b) 1-b, 2-a, 3-d, 4-c

(c) 1-d, 2-c, 3-b, 4-a

(d) 1-b, 2-c, 3-a, 4-d

Q9. Who amongst the following is a renowned Indian classical dancer?

निम्नलिखित में से कौन एक प्रसिद्ध भारतीय शास्त्रीय नृत्यांगना है?

(a) Palghat Mani Iyer / पलघट मनी अय्यर

(b) Madhumati / मधुमती

(c) Sonal Mansingh / सोनल मानिसंह

(d) Siddheshwari Devi / सिद्धेश्वरी देवी

Q10. Who was awarded the 2017 Padma Bhushan Award in the field of Art-Music?

कला-संगीत के क्षेत्र में 2017 का पद्म भूषण पुरस्कार किसे दिया गया था?

(a)  Devi Prasad Dwivedi/  देवी प्रसाद द्विवेदी

(b)  Anuradha Paudwal/  अनरुाधा पौडवाल

(c)  Vishwa Mohan Bhatt/  विश्वा मोहन भट्ट

(d)  K. J. Yesudas/  के. जे. येसदुास

SSC CGL CHSL GK
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SSC CGL GK Art & Culture | Online Mock Test | Exam Preparation 2018

SSC CGL GK Art & Culture | Online Mock Test | Exam Preparation 2018

Q1. Match the following

निम्नलिखित का मिलान कीजिये|

(a)1-a, 2-d, 3-b, 4-c

(b)1-b, 2-c, 3-a, 4-d

(c)1-c, 2-a, 3-b, 4-d

(d)1-c, 2-b, 3-a, 4-d

Q2. Rukmini Devi Arundale was a reputed dancer and choreographer in which form of dancing?

रुक्मिणी देवी अरुंदेल नृत्य के किस रूप में एक प्रतिष्ठित नृतक और कोरियोग्राफर थीं?

(a)Opera / ओपेरा

(b)Lavani / लावणी

(c)Bharatnatyam / भरतनाट्यम

(d)Dandiya / डांडिया

Q4. Match the following

निम्नलिखित का मिलन कीजिये |

(a)1-b, 2-c, 3-a

(b)1-c, 2-a, 3-b

(c)1-b, 2-a, 3-c

(d)1-a, 2-c, 3-b

Q5. The Mosque with “shaking minarets” is situated in which Indian city?

“झूलती मीनारों” वाली मस्जिद भारत के किस शेहेर में स्थित है?

(a)Kanpur/कानपुर

(b)Ahmedabad/अहमदाबाद

(c)Jaipur/जयपुर

(d)Ranchi/रांची

SSC CGL GK Art & Culture
Q6. Which one of the following films was not directed by Satyajit Ray?

निम्नलिखित में से कौन सी फिल्म सत्यजीत रे के द्वारा निर्देशित नहीं है?

(a)Shatranj ke khiladi / शतरंज के खिलाडी

(b)Charulata / चारुलता

(c)Jalsaghar / जलसाघर

(d)Gumnam / गुमनाम

Q7. ‘Hunar Haat’ an exhibition to exhibit and promote the arts and artisans from minority community was launched at which of the following events?

अल्पसंख्यक समुदाय के कला तथा शिल्पकारों को प्रोत्साहन देने के लिए ‘हुनर हाट’ प्रदर्शनी निम्नलिखित में से किस कार्यक्रम में आरम्भ किया गया था?

(a)Pushkar Fair, 2016/पुष्कर मेला, 2016

(b)IITF, New Delhi, 2016/आई.आई.टी.एफ, नई दिल्ली, 2016

(c)Suraj Kund Craft Mela, 2017/सूरजकुंड हस्तशिल्प मेला, 2017

(d)Kumbh Mela, 2015/कुम्भ मेला, 2015

Q8. Dandia is a form of dance associated with which of the following state?

डांडिया लोक नृत्य निम्नलिखित में से किस राज्य से सम्बंधित है?

(a)Harayana / हरियाणा

(b)Punjab / पंजाब

(c)Gujarat / गुजरात

(d)Rajasthan / राजस्थान

Q9. Which of the following pair is INCORRECT?

निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा युग्म गलत है ?

(a)Amjad Ali Khan – Tabla/अमजद अली खान – तबला

(b)Ustad Bismillah Khan – Shehnai/उस्ताद बिस्मिल्लाह खान – शेहनाई

(c)Hema Malini – Bharatnatyam/हेमा मालिनी –  भरतनाट्यम

(d)Shambhu Maharaj – Kathak/शम्भू महाराज – कत्थक

Q10. Match the following

निम्लिखित का मिलान कीजिए |

(a)1-b, 2-c, 3-a

(b)1-c, 2-a, 3-b

(c)1-a, 2-c, 3-b

(d)1-b, 2-a, 3-c

SSC CGL GK Art & Culture
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Art and Culture of India

Art and Culture of India : Languages, Classical languages,official languages etc.

Culture is a central instrument of discovering, integrating and asserting the national identity of India which truly and inevitably pluralistic. Art and Culture permeates every sphere of human activity, determines and governs life and pattern of Indian society in diverse regions and equality, diverse fields.
 Art and culture : LANGUAGES OF INDIA

India is home to several hundred languages.

Most languages spoken in India belong either to the Indo Aryan and Dravidian families of languages though some Indo-European languages are also spoken and understood.
The Indo – Aryan languages including Hindi,Rajasthani, Gujarati, Marathi, Bengali, Oriya,Assamese, Sanskrit, Kashmiri, Sindhi and Punjabi cover about three – fourths of India’s population.
The languages of the Southern India viz Telugu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam belong to the Dravidian family. Of the Indo – European languages, English is the most widely used one.
Art and Culture of India : Languages, Dances, Music etc.
 Art and Culture : Official Languages
The Indian Constitution, in 1950, declared Hindi in Devanagari Script to be the official language of the union. It was provided in the Constitution of India that English shall continue to be used for all official purposes of the Union till January 25, 1965 but the complete change over to Hindi was not practicable within the stipulated period. So English in addition to Hindi,continues to be used for all official purposes as an associate official language.
According to the constitution parliamentary proceedings may be conducted in either Hindi or English in Parliamentary proceedings was to be phased out at the end of fifteen years unless Parliament chose to extend its use, which parliament did through the Official Language Act, 1963. But the constitution laws including parliamentary enactments and statutory instruments are in English.
The Constitution provides that all proceedings in the Supreme Court of India shall be in English.
ART AND CULTURE : THE LANGUAGES OF THE EIGHTH SCHEDULE
22 Major languages are specified in the eighth schedule of the constitution. Those are Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarathi, Hindi, Kananda, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali and Oriya.
ART AND CULTURE : CLASSICAL LANGUAGES
Languages so far declared to be classical based on the recommendation of a committee of linguistic experts constituted by the Ministry of Culture, Government of India are Tamil (2004),Sanskrit (2005), Kannada and Telugu (2008)
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Classical-Folk Dances of India For SSC CGL Exams

Classical-Folk Dances of India For SSC CGL Exams

Classical dances

1 Bharata Natyam   It is a classical dance form originating in Tamil Nadu.

In ancient times it was performed by Devdasis.

Bharatanatyam is popularly called poetry in Motion.

2 Kathak : It is a North Indian Classical dance form.

The work of the Maharaj Family of dancers
(Acchan Maharaj,

Shambu Maharaj,Lachhu Maharaj and Birju Maharaj) helped

in spreading the popularity of Kathak.

3 Kathakali : This dance form is from Kerala.

Kathakali, the story is enacted purely by the movements of the

hands and by facial expressions and bodily movements.

4 Kuchipudi is the classical form of Andhra Pradesh.

The dance is accompanied by song which is typically carnatic music.

The technique of Kuchipudi makes use of fast rhythmic footwork and

sculpuresque body movements.

5 Manipuri dance is a classical dance from Manipur.

The dancers feet never strike the ground hard.

Movements of the body and feet and facial expressions in Manipuri

dance are suitable and aim at devotion and grace.

6 Mohiniyattam is a dance form from Kerala.

It is considered a very graceful dance meant to be performed as solo

recital by women.

7 Odissi Classical dance form of Odisha (Orissa).

Odissi is the oldest classical dance rooted in rituals and tradition.

It is particularly distinguished from other classical Indian dance forms by the

importance it places upon the independent movement of head, chest and

pelvis.

8 Sattriya is a classical dance form from Assam.

It was recognized as a classical dance by Sangeet Natak Academi on

November 15, 2000.

Sattriya Nritya was usually performed in the Sattras (Assam monasteries) in a

highly ritialistic manner by male dancers

Classical Dance/Exponents

Bharata Natyam / Rujkmini Devi Arundale ,Mrinalini Sarabhai, Vaijayantimala Bali, Leela Samson.

Kuchipudi  / Raja Reddy, Radha Reddy

Kathakali  / Mukunda Raja (of Kalmandalam fame)

Manipuri  / Jhaveri Sisters

Kathak   /  Birju Maharaj , Sitara Devi, Sambhu Maharaj , Shovna Narayan

Classical-Folk Dances of India For SSC CGL Exams

SSC : MARTIAL  DANCES

Gatka………………………………….Punjabi

Paika………………………………….. Orissa

Thag Ta………………………………Manipur

Kalaripayattu………………………..Kerala

Choliya………………………………..Uttaranchal

Pang Lhabosol……………………..Sikkim

 

 

SSC : FOLK DANCES OF INDIA

A.  Bihu :The Bihu dance is a folk dance from the Indian State of Assam related to   the festival of Bihu.

B. Bhangra is a folk dance conducted by Punjab Sikh farmers to celebrate the coming of the harvest season.

C. Garba is a dance form that originated in the Gujarat region. Traditionally it is  performed during the nine-day Hindu festival Navaratri.

D. Jhoomar is a folk dance performed during the harvest season in Punjab. 

E. Gidha is a popular folk dance of women in Punjab. Normally, no musical instruments are accompanied with gidha, except sometimes a dholak.

F. Ghoomar is a traditional women’s folk dance of Rajasthan. It is performed by  groups of women in swirling robes.

G. Kummi is the folk dance popular in Tamil Nadu. This is performed by women.

H. Changu dance is a popular dance form from Orissa. It derives its name from a kind of drum called Changu, which invariably accompanies the dance. The dance is performed only by women.

I. Therukoothu is a widely popular folk dance of Tamil Nadu.

J. Raas or Dandiya Raas is the traditional dance form of Gujarat, India where it is   performed depicting scenes of Holi and lila of Krishna and Radha. It is performed during Navaratri evenings.

K. Chhau dance is popular in Orissa, Jharkhand and West Bengal.

L. Yakshagana is a musical dance drama popular in Karnataka. A performance usually depicts a story from the Indian epics and puranas.

M. Bamboo dance is tribal dance of Nagaland. This dance form is exclusively performed by girls.

 

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SSC CGL Tier 1 : Important monuments (Famous monuments in India)

SSC CGL Tier 1 : Important monuments (Famous monuments in India)

Important Monuments : Name/Location/Features

1. Ajanta Caves ( Aurangabad, Maharashtra)

Originally Buddhist monasteries having unique architecture, sculpture and painting.

2. Elephanta Caves (Island near Mumbai)

Consisting of seven caves famous for the Trimurti and other sculptures Ellora Caves Aurangabad, Maharashtra Ancient cave temples especially famous for ‘Temple of Kailash’

3. Jallianwala Bagh Amritsar, Punjab

Famous for in discriminate fir in g by Gen O’ Dyer on April 13, 1919.

4. Lothal, Gujarat

Archaeological excavations revealed existence of Indus Valley civilisation.

5. Nalanda Near Patna, Bihar

Ruins of ancient Buddhist University founded by Kumaragupta in 427 AD

6. Sanchi Near Bhopal,Madhya Pradesh

Ancient Buddhist monastery famous for ‘Great Stupa’

7. Sarnath (Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh)

Famous for Stupas where Buddha preached his first sermon

SSC : Imporatant Monuments and Memorials

1. Akbar ’s Tomb,  Sikandra, Near Agra Famous for its carvings and architecture Uttar Pradesh of Hindu and Mughal art.

2. Anand Bhawan , Allahabad Ancestral house of the Nehru family which Uttar Pradesh Mrs. Indira Gandhi gifted for conversion into a national memorial.

3. Bibi-ka-Maqbara Aurangabad, Mausoleum built by Aurangazeb in 1660 Maharashtra AD in memory of his wife Rabia Durrani.

4. Gandhi Sadan in 1948 New Delhi Birla House where Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated.

5. Jamia Milia Delhi Muslim University founded by Dr Zakir Hussain

6. Kranti Maidan Mumbai Historical venue where Gandhiji gave Quit India call in 1942.

7. Rajghat New Delhi Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi on the banks of the Yamuna.

8. Shakti Sthal New Delhi Situated on the banks of Yamuna where Mrs. Indira Gandhi was cremated

9. Shantivan New Delhi Near Rajghat where Pt Jawaharlal Nehru was cremated.

10. Teenmurti House New Delhi Residence of the first Prime Minister of India, Pt Jawaharlal Nehru. Now converted into a national memorial.

11. Tomb of Ahmed Shah Ahmedabad, Gujarat Domed structure famous for paving of multicoloured marble.

12. Tomb of Sher Shah Suri Sasaram, Bihar Domed structure

13. Vijay Ghat New Delhi Samadhi of Lal Bahadur Shastri on the bank of the Yamuna.

SSC : Important Monuments

IMPORTANT MONUMENTS, INDIA

1. Golden Temple Amritsar, Punjab Sacred shrine of the Sikhs.

2. Jagannath Temple Puri, Orissa Dedicated to Lord Jagannath, an incarnation of Vishnu.

3. Jama Masjid Delhi Biggest mosque in India built by Mughal Emperor, Shahjahan.

4. Khajuraho Temples Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh Famous sculptures depicting art of love built some time in 950 AD – 1050 AD

5. Mahabalipuram Temples Mahabalipuram,Tamil Nadu Also called ‘Seven Pagodas’

6. Mahakali Temple Ujjain Shiva Mandir

7. Meenakshi Temple Madurai, Tamil Nadu Dedicated to the Goddess Meenakshi

8. Moti Masjid Agra, Uttar Pradesh Built by Mughal Emperor Shahjahan

9. Sun Temple Konark, Orissa The mythological conception of the Sun God riding a Konark Temple twenty – four wheeled chariot drawn by seven horses, carved in stone.

10. Omkar Temple Omkarji, Madhya Pradesh Shiva Temple on an  island in the Narmada river, also called ‘Black Pagoda’.

Imporatant monuments : Other Structures – Gates / Towers / Pillars

1. Buland Darwaja Fatehpur Sikri, Agra 38 m high gate built by Akbar, is India’s highest gate Gateway of India Mumbai, Maharashtra Built in 1911 AD to commemorate the visit of King George V of UK

2. Qutab Minar New Delhi 72.5m high stone tower, tallest minaret in India built by Qutab-ud-din Aibak as a Victory Tower.

3. Gol Gumbaz Bijapur, Karnataka India’s largest dome built on the tomb of Sultan Mohammed Adil Shah covering an area of 1630 sq m

4. Sanchi Stupa Sanchi, Bhopal One of the earliest stupas, 17 m high and 36.5 m in diameter, made of bricks and sandstone.

5. Sarnath Stupa Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 22m high and 28 m in diameter, stone structure built on the spot where Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon.

Important Monuments : Forts & Gardens

1. Agra Fort Agra, Uttar Pradesh

Originally built by Akbar and additions made by Shahjahan containing famous buildings like Royal Palace Shish Mahal, Moti Masjid, Diwani-Aam and Diwan – i-Khas.

2. Gwalior Fort Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh

One of the biggest forts containing famous building like Man Mandir, Palace of Man Singh, etc. Hawa Mahal Jaipur, Rajasthan Multi-storeyed pink coloured building Hindodla Mahal Mandu, Madhya Pradesh The walls sloping at an angle of over 77 create an illusion that the entire building sways.

3. Jantar Mantar New Delhi Ancient observatory

4. Red Fort New Delhi Built by Shahjahan, made of red stone

5. Rashtrapati Bhawan New Delhi India’s biggest residential building Moghul Gardens New Delhi Garden of Rashtrapati Bhawan.

6.  Shalimar Gardens Srinagar, J & K Pleasure resort in Kashmir.

7. Vrindavan Gardens Mysore, Karnataka Unique gardens adjacent to the Krishnarajasagar Dam.

8. Ramanathaswamy Rameshwaram, India’s longest corridor – 1,220 m long Corridor Tamil Nadu

9. Gomateswara statue Sravanabelagola, Karnataka India’s tallest stone statue of the Jain Sage

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SSC : UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India Most Important

SSC : UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India Most Important

1.  Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra (1983) : Ajanta Caves listed under UNESCO World Heritage site are Buddhist caves that were built in two phases. The paintings and sculptures of Ajantha are considere masterpieces of Buddhist religious

 

2. Agra Fort, Uttar Pradesh (1982) : The Agra Fort is located on the right bank of the Yamuna River. Agra Fort is remarkable for the fusion of Persian art and the Indian Art form. It was built by Akbar.

 

3. Taj Mahal, Uttar Pradesh (1983) is mausoleum built by Emperor Shahjahan in memory of his wife Begum Mumtaz Mahal. It is set amidst vast Mughal Gardens, which covers 17 hectares of land on the right bank of the Yamuna River.

 

4. Ellora Caves, Maharashtra (1983) :Ellora caves are a cultural mix of religious arts of Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism.

 

5. Sun Temple, Konark, Orissa (1984) : It is a 13th Century Sun Temple located in Orissa. It is built in the form of the Chariot of Surya, Sun god with 24 wheels, and is heavily decorated with symbolic stone carvings and led by a team of six horses.

 

6.  Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram,Tamil Nadu (1984) : The Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram were build by Pallava kings in the 7th and 8th centuries.

 

7.   Kaziranga National Park, Assam (1985): Kaziranga is one of the last wild abodes in eastern India undisturbed by a human presence. It was declare a national park in 1974. The park has the distinction of being home to the world’s largest population of the  Great Indian one horned Rhinoceros.

SSC : UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India Most Important
 

8. Manas Wild Life Sanctuary Assam (1985): The sanctuary is the habitat of several  species of plants and 21 most threatened species of birds. It became a Tiger Reserve in 1973.

 

9. Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan (1985): This park was once a duck hunting reserve of the Maharajas. Today it is one of the major wintering areas for large numbers of aquatic birds from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, China and Siberia. It was declare a national park in 1982.

 

10. Churches and Convents of Goa (1986) : These monuments were build by the Portuguese colonial rulers of Goa between 16th and 18th Centuries.

 

11. Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Madhya Pradesh : The temples of Khajuraho were built during the Chandela dynasty of Rajput descent. These temples belong to two different religions -Hinduism and Jainism. The temple of Kandariya Mahadev is one of the most important temples here.

 

12.  Group of Monuments at Hampi, Karnataka(1986) :The austere site of Hampi was the last capital of the last great Hindu kingdom of  Vijayanagar.Hampi as an important Hindu religious centre, has the Virupaksha Temple and several other monuments.

 

13. Fatehpur Sikri (1986)

It was built during the second half of the 16th Century by the Emperor Akbar. Fatehpur Sikri or the city of victory was the capital of the Mughal Empire for only some 10 years. Akbar experimented both with architecture and art and built a city expressing his ideals and vision. The finest monuments within this area are the Diwan-iAm, Diwan-i- Khas, Panch House, Panch Mahal, Buland Darwaza and the tomb of saint Shaikh Salim Chisti and one of the largest mosque in India, Jama Masjid.


14. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal, Karnataka (1987) 

 

15. Elephanta Caves, Maharashtra (1987) :The Elephanta Caves are a network of Sculpted caves located on Elephanta Island near Mumbai.The Hindu caves contain rock cut stone sculptures dedicated to the god Shiva.

 

16. Sunderbans National Park, West Bengal (1987) :The Sunderbans National Park, the largest estuarine mangrove forest in the world is a National Park, Tiger Reserve and a Biosphere Reserve located in the Sunderbans Ganges River delta bordering the Bay of Bengal in West Bengal. The region is densely covered by mangrove forests, and is one of the largest reserves for  the Bengal tiger.

 

17. Nanda Devi National Park, Uttarakhand (1988) : It is a famous for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers and outstanding natural beauty. It was establishe as a national park on 6 November 1982.

 

18. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh (1989) : It is the oldest Buddhist heritage site in existence and was a major centre of Buddhism in India until the 12th Century.

 

19. Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi (1993) : Humayun’s tomb built in 1570, is of particular significance as it was the first garden tomb on the Indian subcontinent. His tomb was build by Haji Begum, wife of Humayun.

 

20. Qutab Minar an its Monuments, Delhi (1993): It construction was started initially by Qutabuddin Aibak and completed by Iltumish.

 

21. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya, Bihar (2002) :The Mahabodhi Temple Complex is one of the four holy sites related to the life of the Lord Buddha, and particularly to the attainment of Enlightenment.

 

22. Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, Madya Pradesh (2003) is located in the foothills of the Vindya range of hills in the Madhya Pradesh. The earliest known traces of human life in India were find in Bhimbetka. Stone age rocks shelters and paintings date back to 9000 years are found here.


23. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Maharashtra (2004) :  Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a historic railway station in Mumbai. It is the headquarters of the Central Railways. The style combines the Venetian Gothic popular in England at the time with elements of Indian architechure and is built in the local red standstone.

 

24. Champaner – Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Gujarat (2004) :  A concentration of largely unexcavated archaeological historic and living cultural heritage properties cradled in an impressive landscape which includes prehistoric sites, a hill fortress of an early Hindu capital and remains of the 16th Century capital of the state of Gujarat.

 

25.  Great Living Chola Temples, Tamil Nadu (2004) : This cultural heritage site includes three great temples of 11th and 12th Century namely, the Brihadisvara Temple at Tanjavur, the Brihadisvara temple at  Gangaikondacholisvaram and the Airavatesvara Temple  at Darasuram.

The Tanjavur temple was built by king Rajaraja, founder of the Chola Empire between 1003 and 1010.

The Gangaikondacholisvaram temple was build by Rajendra I.

The Airavatesvara temple complex was built by Rajaraja II.

 

26.  Red Fort Complex Delhi (2007) is a palace fort built in the 17th Century by Shahjahan. The architectural design of the structures built within the fort represents a blend of Persian, Timuri and Indian architectural styles.

 

27.  Mountain Railways of India : Mountain Railways of India include

1. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, West Bengal (1999)

 2. NilGiri Mountain Railway, Ooty Tamil Nadu(2005),

 3. Kalka – Shimla Railway, Himachal Pradesh (2008).

 These three are outstanding examples of  bold, ingenious engineering solutions for the problem of establishing an effective rail link  through a rugged, mountainous terrain. The three together have been titled as Mountain Railways of India.

 

28. Jantar Mantar, Jaipur, Rajasthan (2010) : The Jantar Mantar in Jaipur is a collection of architectural astronomical instruments, built by Maharaja Jai Singh between 1727 and 1734.
He had constructed a total of five such facilities at different locations. The Jaipur observatory is the largest and the best preserved of these.

SSC : UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India Most Important

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29. Western Ghats (2012) Also known as Shayadri mountains It is among the world’s ten hottest biodiversity hotspots. A total of thirty nine properties covering national parks, reserved forests and wild life sanctuaries were designate as world heritage sites in the states of Kerela, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.

 

30.  Hill Forts of Rajasthan 2013  They are a series of sites located on rocky out crops of the Aravallis mountain range.They represent a typology of Rajput military hill architecture, a style characterized by its mountain peak settings, utilizing the defensive properties of the terrain. 

 

31. Rani Ki vav (The queen’s Stepwell) 2014 It is an eleventh century step well built by the Solanki dynasty and is located in Patan, Gujarat.

 

32. Great Himalayan National Park at Kullu (2014) It characterized by high alpine peaks, alpine meadows and riverine forests. It is part of the Himalaya biodiversity hotspot and includes 25 forest types along with a rich assemblage of fauna species, several of which are threatene.

This gives the site outstanding significance for biodiversity conservation.

           

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