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Practice Exercise on One word substitution questions and Answers | OWS

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One word substitution is the use of one word in place of a sentence or phrase .

Example- My sister can comfortably use both her hands. /My sister is ambidexterous.

One word substitution questions are very important to clear any exam conducted by Staff Selection Commission.It plays a crucial role in clearing all the levels. All the questions that have been asked in SSC CGL Tier 1 2021 are given below along with the solutions.

Instruction: Select the option that can be used as a one-word substitute for the given group of words. 

Q.1 A herd or flock of animals being driven in a body  

CGL 13/8/2021 (Morning)

(a) Crowd  (b) Cluster 

(c) Throng (d) Drove 

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Q.2 A group of three novels or plays, each complete in itself 

CGL 13/8/2021 (Morning)

(a) Triplet (b) Triumvir 

(c) Trivet (d) Trilogy 

Q.3 A self-governing country or region 

CGL 13/8/2021 (Afternoon)

(a) Anarchy (b) Autonomy 

(c) Democracy (d) Monarchy

Q.4 A place where coins, medals or tokens are made 

CGL 13/8/2021(Afternoon)

(a) Casting (b) Mill 

(c) Mint (d) Workshop

Q.5 A person who is trained to travel in a spacecraft       

CGL 13/8/2021(Evening)

(a) Anchor (b) Choreographer 

(c) Astronaut (d) Chauffeur 

Q.6 One who does not take any alcoholic drink             

CGL 13/8/2021 (Evening)

(a) Teetotaller (b) Astrologer 

(c) Perfectionist (d) Vegetarian

Q.7 A large building with an extensive floor area, typically for housing aircraft CGL 16/8/2021 (Morning)

(a) Barn (b) Airport 

(c) Shed (d) Hangar 

Q.8 A person who listens to

someone’s private conversation without them knowing   

CGL 16/8/2021 (Morning)

(a) Eavesdropper (b) Infiltrator 

(c) Secret agent (d) Spy 

Q.9 A large bedroom for a number of people in a school or institution. 

CGL 16/8/2021 (Afternoon)

(a) Hostel (b) Creche 

(c) Assembly (d) Dormitory 

Q.10 A group of people, typically with vehicles or animals, travelling together. 

CGL 16/8/2021 (Afternoon)

(a) Caravan (b) Troop 

(c) Circus (d) Gang 

Q.11 A place in a large institution, for the care of those who are ill 

CGL 16/8/2021 (Evening)

(a)  Hostel (b) Infirmary

(c) Hangar (d) Dormitory 

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Q.12. A group of stars 

CGL 16/8/2021 (Evening)

(a) Congregation     (b) Astronomy 

(c) Planets                (d) Constellation 

Q.13 Having no boundaries or limits 

CGL 17/8/2021 (Morning)

(a) Enormous (b) Tremendous 

(c) Infinite (d) Colossal 

Q.14 One who studies the occult meanings of numbers and their supposed influence on human life 

CGL 17/8/2021 (Morning)

(a) Astronomer (b) Astrologer 

(c) Numerologist (d) Prophet

Q.15 A sentimental longing for a period in the past 

CGL 17/8/2021 (Afternoon)

(a) Memory (b) Emotion 

(c) Craving (d) Nostalgia 

Q.16 A large cage, building, or enclosure to keep birds 

CGL 17/8/2021 (Afternoon)

(a) Aviary (b) Aquarium 

(c) Arena (d) Zoo

Q.17 Soft, inner part of a nut or fruit-stone 

CGL 17/8/2021 (Evening)

(a) Bean (b) Pulp 

(c) Caramel (d) Kernel 

Q.18 A news article that reports the recent death of a person 

CGL 17/8/2021 (Evening)

(a) Review (b) Editorial 

(c) Mortuary (d) Obituary 

Q.19 Something that is to your advantage but happened by chance 

CGL 18/8/2021 (Morning)

(a) Occidental (b) Purposeful 

(c) Deliberate (d) Fortuitous 

Q.20 To throw an event into confusion or disorder 

CGL 18/8/2021 (Morning)

(a) Disrupt (b) Detonate 

(c) Erupt (d) Explode

Q.21.A person who thinks that bad things are more likely to happen or who 

emphasizes the bad part of a situation 

CGL 18/8/2021 (Afternoon)

(a) Complainer (b) Misanthropist 

(c) Optimist (d) Pessimist 

Q.22.The act or habit of talking in one’s sleep

CGL 18/8/2021 (Afternoon)

(a) Somniloquy (b) Soliloquy

(c) Monologue (d) Prologue

Q.23 An imaginary ideal society free of poverty and suffering 

CGL 18/8/2021 (Evening)

(a) Heaven (b) Utopia

(c) Dreamland (d) Paradise

Q.24  A dynamic campaign for political, social or religious change 

CGL 18/8/2021 (Evening)

(a) Mutiny (b) Conflict

(c) Crusade (d) War

Q.25 An arrangement of flowers that is usually given as a present. 

CGL 20/8/2021 (Morning)

(a) Basket (b) Bracket 

(c) Bouquet (d)Boutique 

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Q.26 One who does not believe in the existence of God. 

CGL 20/8/2021 (Morning)

(a)Atheist (b)Cynic 

(c)Anarchist (d)Egotist 

Q.27 One who supervises in an examination hall 

CGL 20/8/2021 (Afternoon)

(a) Inspector (b) Manager 

(c) Invigilator (d) Verifier 

Q.28 A person preoccupied with an unrealistically optimistic approach to life 

CGL 20/8/2021 (Afternoon)

(a) Practical (b) Pragmatic 

(c) Rational (d) Quixotic

Q.29 A group of people, typically with vehicles or animals travelling together 

CGL 20/8/2021 (Evening)

(a) Cargo (b) Caravan 

(c) Battery (d) Cache 

Q.30 A person appointed by two parties to solve a dispute 

CGL 20/8/2021 (Evening)

(a) Anarchist (b) Auditor 

(c) Atheist (d) Arbitrator

Q.31 The state of being subject to death 

CGL 23/8/2021 (Morning)

(a) Deadly (b) Immortality 

(c) Mortality (d) Morbidity 

Q.32.A musical composition made up of a series of songs or short pieces 

CGL 23/8/2021 (Morning)

(a) Medley (b) Orchestra 

(c) Lyric (d) Band

Q.33 A secret or disguised way of writing 

CGL 23/8/2021 (Afternoon)

(a) Emblem (b) Cypher 

(c) Symbol (d) Puzzle 

Q34 A person who entertains people by doing difficult feats 

CGL 23/8/2021 (Afternoon)

(a) Acrobat        (b) Cosmonaut 

(c) Astronaut     (d) Performer comedian

Q.35 An incongruous or chaotic mixture 

CGL 23/8/2021 (Evening)

(a) Harmony (b) Discord 

(c) Cacophony (d) Melody 

Q.36 A family of young birds 

CGL 23/8/2021 (Evening)

(a) Kids (b)  Brood 

(c) Offspring (d) Litter 

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Q.37 A short rest or sleep taken after lunch 

CGL 24/8/2021 (Morning)

(a) Leisure (b) Slumber 

(c) Siesta (d) Doze 

Q.38 A corporation made up of a number of different companies that operate in diversified fields 

CGL 24/8/2021 (Morning)

(a) Conglomerate     (b) Correlation 

(c) Agreement          (d) Association 

Q.39 An examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death 

CGL 24/8/2021 (Afternoon)

(a) Analysis          (b) Homicide 

(c) Post-mortem   (d) Suicide 

Q.40 A person who presents a radio/television programme

CGL 24/8/2021 (Afternoon) 

(a) Comedian (b) Choreographer 

(c) Anchor (d) Actor 

Q.41 A person employed to drive a private or hired car 

CGL 24/8/2021 (Evening)

(a) Pilot (b) Chauffeur 

(c) Captain (d) Escort 

Q.42  The art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing 

CGL 24/8/2021 (Evening)

(a) Rhetoric (b) Archaic 

(c) Poetry (d) Bombastic 

Solutions:-

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Sol:1.(d) Drove- a herd or flock of animals being driven in a body 

Crowd- a large number of people in one place

Cluster- a group of people, plants, or things that stand or grow close together

Throng- a large crowd of people

Drove- to control or operate a car, train, bus, etc. 

Sol:2.(d) Trilogy- a group of three novels or plays, each complete in itself 

Triplet- one of three children or animals that are born to one mother at the same time

Triumvir- each of three public officers jointly responsible for overseeing any of the administrative departments.

Trivet- an iron tripod or bracket for a cooking pot or kettle to stand on.

Sol:3.(b) Autonomy- a self-governing country or region 

Anarchy- a situation in which there is no government in a country

Democracy- a system in which the government of a country is elected by the people 

Monarchy- the system of government or rule by a king or queen  

Sol:4.(c) Mint- a place where coins, medals or tokens are made 

Casting- to choose an actor for a particular role in a play, film, etc. 

Mill- a factory that is used for making certain kinds of material 

Workshop- a place where things are made or repaired

Sol:5.(c) Astronaut- a person who is trained to travel in a spacecraft 

Anchor- a heavy metal object at the end of a chain that you drop into the water from a boat in order to stop the boat from moving

Choreographer- a person who creates dance compositions and plans and arranges dance movements and patterns  

Chauffeur- a person whose job is to drive a car for somebody else

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Sol:6.(a)Teetotaller- one who does not take any alcoholic drink 

Astrologer- a person who is an expert in astrology 

Perfectionist- a person who always does things as well as he/she possibly can and who expects others to do the same 

Vegetarian- a person who does not eat meat or fish

Sol:7.(d) Hangar- a large building with an extensive floor area, typically for housing aircraft 

Barn- a large building on a farm in which crops or animals are kept 

Airport- a place where aircraft can land and take off and that has buildings for passengers to wait in

Shed- a small building that is used for keeping things or animals in

Sol:8.(a)Eavesdropper- a person who listens to someone’s private conversation without them knowing 

Infiltrator- a person who secretly becomes part of a group in order to get information.

Secret agent- a person who tries to find out secret information especially about the government of another country.  

Spy- a person who tries to get secret information about another country, person or organization.

Sol:9.(d) Dormitory- a large bedroom for a number of people in a school or institution. 

Hostel- a place like a cheap hotel where people can stay when they are living away from home 

Creche- a place where small children are looked after while their parents are working, shopping, etc.

Assembly- a large group of people who come together for a particular purpose

Sol:10.(a) Caravan- a group of people, typically with vehicles or animals, traveling together. 

Troop- a large group of soldiers 

Circus- a show performed in a large tent by a company of people and animals

Gang- an organized group of criminals

Sol:11.(b) Infirmary- a place in a large institution, for the care of those who are ill 

Hostel- a place like a cheap hotel where people can stay when they are living away from home

Hangar- a big building where planes are kept 

Dormitory-  a large bedroom with a number of beds in it

Sol:12.(d) Constellation- a group of stars 

Congregation- the act of coming together in a crowd or group, a gathering  

Astronomy- the scientific study of the sun, moon, stars, etc.

Planet- a very large round object in space that moves around the sun or another star

Sol:13.(c)Infinite-having no boundaries or limits 

Enormous- very big or very great 

Tremendous- very large or great 

Colossal-  extremely large

Sol:14.(c) Numerologist- one who studies the occult meanings of numbers and their supposed influence on human life 

Astronomer- a person who studies astronomy

Astrologer- a person who is an expert in astrology

Prophet- a person who says what will happen in the future 

Sol:15.(d) Nostalgia- a sentimental longing for a period in the past 

Memory- a person’s ability to remember things 

Emotion- a strong feeling such as love, anger, fear, etc.

Craving- a strong desire for something 

Sol:16.(a) Aviary- a large cage, building, or enclosure to keep birds 

Aquarium- a glass container filled with water, in which fish and water animals are kept

Arena- an area with seats around it where public entertainments (sporting events, concerts, etc.) are held 

Zoo- a park where many kinds of wild animals are kept so that people can look at them 

Sol:17.(b) Pulp- soft, inner part of a nut or fruit-stone 

Bean- similar seeds from some other plants

Caramel- a type of sticky sweet that is made from boiled sugar, butter, and milk 

Kernel- the inner part of a nut or seed 

Sol:18.(d) Obituary- a news article that reports the recent death of a person 

Review- the examining or considering again of something in order to decide if changes are necessary 

Editorial- an article in a newspaper, usually written by the head of the newspaper (editor) 

Mortuary- a room, usually in a hospital, where dead bodies are kept before they are buried or burned

Sol:19.(d) Fortuitous- something that is to your advantage but happened  by  chance  

Occidental- related to the countries of the western part of the world.

Purposeful- having a definite aim or plan 

Deliberate- done on purpose, planned

Sol:20.(a)Disrupt- to throw an event into confusion or disorder 

Detonate- to explode or to make a bomb, etc. explode

Erupt- to explode and throw out the fire, rock that has melted (lava), smoke, etc. 

Explode- to burst with a loud noise

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Sol:21.(d) Pessimist- a person who thinks that bad things are more likely to happen

Complainer- a person who complains a lot about his/her problem.

Misanthropist- a person who hates or avoids other people 

Optimist- a person who always believes that good things will happen.

Sol:22.(a)Somniloquy- the act or habit of talking in one’s sleep

Soliloquy- the act of speaking thoughts aloud in this way

Monologue- a long speech by one person, for example in a play 

Prologue- a piece of writing or a speech that introduces a play, poem, etc.

Sol:23.(b) Utopia- an imaginary ideal society free of poverty and suffering  

Heaven- a place or a situation in which you are very happy

Dreamland- an imagined and unrealistically ideal world

Paradise- the perfect place where some people think that good people go after they die

Sol:24.(c) Crusade- a dynamic campaign for political, social, or religious change 

Mutiny- an act of a group of people, especially sailors or soldiers, refusing to obey the person who is in command

Conflict- a fight or an argument

War- a state of fighting between different countries or groups

Sol:25.(c) Bouquet- an arrangement of flowers that is usually given as a present. 

Basket- a container for carrying or holding things

Bracket- prices, ages, etc. which are between two limits 

Boutique- a small shop that sells fashionable clothes

Sol:26.(a) Atheist- one who does not believe in the existence of God. 

Cynic- a person who believes that people only do things for themselves 

Anarchist- a person who rebels against any authority, established order, or ruling power.   

Egotist- a person who is excessively conceited or absorbed in themselves. 

Sol:27.(c) Invigilator- one who supervises in an examination hall 

Inspector- an official who visits schools, factories, etc. to make sure that rules are being obeyed

Manager- a man or woman who controls an organization or part of an organization

Verifier- someone who vouches for the correctness of a statement.

Sol:28.(d) Quixotic- a person preoccupied with an unrealistically optimistic approach to life 

Practical-  concerned with actually doing something rather than with ideas or thought

Pragmatic- dealing with problems in a practical way rather than by following ideas or principles 

Rational- based on reason, sensible or logical 

Sol:29.(b) Caravan- a group of people, typically with vehicles or animals traveling together 

Cargo- the goods that are carried in a ship or an aircraft

Battery- a device that provides electricity for a toy, radio, car, etc.

Cache- an amount of something, especially drugs or weapons, that has been hidden 

Sol:30.(d) Arbitrator- a person appointed by two parties to solve a dispute 

Anarchist- a person who rebels against any authority, established order, or ruling power

Auditor- a person whose job is to examine a company’s financial records

Atheist- a person who does not believe in the existence of a god.

Sol:31.(c) Mortality- the state of being subject to death 

Deadly- causing or likely to cause death

Immortality- the state of living forever 

Morbidity- the condition of suffering from a disease or medical condition. 

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Sol:32.(a) Medley- a musical composition made up of a series of songs or short pieces 

Orchestra- a large group of musicians who play different musical instruments together

Lyric- expressing personal feelings and thoughts 

Band- a small group of musicians who play popular music together

Sol:33.(b) Cypher- a secret or disguised way of writing 

Emblem- an object or symbol that represents something

Symbol- a sign, object, etc. which represents something

Puzzle- something that is difficult to understand or explain

Sol:34.(a) Acrobat- a person who entertains people by doing difficult feats 

Cosmonaut- a Russian astronaut.

Astronaut- a person who travels in a spacecraft

Performer comedian- a professional entertainer who amuses by relating anecdotes, acting out comical situations

Sol:35.(c) Cacophony- an incongruous or chaotic mixture 

Harmony- a state of agreement or of peaceful existence together

Discord- disagreement or argument

Melody- the main tune of a piece of music

Sol:36.(b) Brood- a family of young birds 

Kids- a child or young person

Offspring- the young of an animal

Litter- pieces of paper, rubbish, etc. that are left in a public place

Sol:37.(c) Siesta- a short rest or sleep taken after lunch

Leisure- free time 

Slumber- to be deeply asleep 

Doze- to sleep lightly and/or for a short time 

Sol:38.(a)Conglomerate- a corporation made up of a number of different companies that operate in diversified fields 

Correlation- a measure of the extent to which two variables are related. 

Agreement- the state of agreeing with somebody/something

Association- joining or working with another person or group

Sol:39.(c)Post-mortem- an examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death 

Analysis- careful examination of something

Homicide- the illegal killing of one person by another

Suicide- the act or an instance of taking one’s own life voluntarily and intentionally 

Sol:40.(c) Anchor- a person who presents a radio/television program 

Comedian- a person whose job is to entertain people and make them laugh

Choreographer- a person who creates dance compositions and plans and arranges dance movements and patterns 

Actor- a man or woman whose job is to act in a play or film or on television

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Sol:41.(b)

Chauffeur- a person employed to drive a private or hired car 

Pilot- a person who flies an aircraft

Captain- the person who is in command of a ship or an aircraft

Escort- a person who takes somebody to a social event 

Sol:42.(a)

Rhetoric- the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing 

Archaic- very old-fashioned

Poetry- a collection of poems

Bombastic- high-sounding but with little meaning

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